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reverse definitons

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus A chronic disease commonly marked by a rash on the face and other areas exposed to sunlight, involves vascular and connective tissue degeneration. resulting in multiple local and systemic manifestations
bulla a vesicle or blister larger than 1cm in diameter
lchthyosis abnormal condition of dryness or scales
trichomycosis abnormal condition of hair fungus
onychocryptosis abnormal condition of hidden nail
amastia absence of breast
urticaria allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale red, elevated patches called wheals or hives
antifungals alter the cell wall of fungi or disrupt enzyme activity, resulting in cell death
dermatone an instrument to cut skin
ulcer an open sore or lesion that extends to the dermis and usually heals with scarring
neroplasm any new and abnormal growth
purpura any several bleeding disorders characterized by hemorrhage into the tissues, particularly beneath the skin or mucous membranes, producing ecchymoses or petechiae
allergy skin test any test in which a suspected allergen or sensitizer is applied to or injected into the skin to determine the patient's sensitivity to it
impetigo bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture
hemangioma benign tumour of dilated blood vessels
melanoma black tumour
topical anesthetics block sensation of pain by numbing the skin layers and mucous membranes
malignant cancerous
chemical peel chemical removal of the outer layers of skins to treat once scarring and general keratitis; also called chemabrasion
eczema chronic inflammatory skin condition that is characterized by erythema, papillose, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, and scabs accompanied by intense itching.
psoriasis chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed
albinism congenital non pathological partial or total absence of pigment in skin, hair, and eyes
scabies contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite, commonly through sexual contact
protectives cover, cool, dry, or soothe inflamed skin
integument covering
eschar dead matter that is sloughed off from the surface of the skin, especially after a burn
corticosteroids decrease inflammation and itching by suppressing the immune system's inflammatory response to tissue damage
keratolytics destroy and soften the outer layer of skin so that is is sloughed off or shed
cellulitis diffuse (widespread) acute infection the skin and subcutaneous tissue
peau d' orange dimpled skin resembling an orange peel
vesicle elevated, circumscribed, fluid-filled lesion less than 0.5 cm in diameter
wheal elevated, firm, rounded lesion with localized skin edema (swelling) that varies in size, shape, and colour in the centre than its surrounding edges; accompanied by itching
verruca epidermal growth caused by a virus; also known as warts. Types include plantar warts, juvenile warts, and venereal warts
hyperesthesia extreme sensitivity to sensory stimuli, especially pain or touch
macule flat, pigmented, circumscribed area less than 1cm in diameter
bowen disease form of inraepidermal carinoma characterized by red-brown scaly or crusted lesions that resemble a patch of psoriasis or dermatitis; also called Bowen prescancerous dermatosis
synthesize forming a complex substances by the union of simpler compounds of elements
tinea fungal skin infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affected; also called ringworm
androgen generic term for an agent (usually hormone, such as testosterone and androsterone) that stimulates development of male characterisitics
adenopathy gland disease
scleroderma hard skin
dermatomycosis infection of the skin, caused by fungi
pediculosis infestation with lice, transmitted by personal contact or common use of brushes, combs, or headgear
hidradenitis inflammation of sweat gland
onychia inflammation of the nail bed, frequently with loss of the nail
thelitis inflammation of the nipple
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
pressure ulcer inflammation, sore, or skin deterioration caused by prolonged pressure from lying in one position that prevents blood flow to the tissue
acne inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin with characteristics lesions that includes blackheads, inflammatory papillose, pustules, nodules and cysts
antihistomines inhibit allergic reactions of inflammation, redness and itching caused by the release of histamine
pruritus intense itching
laceration irregular tear in the flesh
antiparasitics kills insect parasites, such as mites and lice
culture & sensitivity laboratory test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from an infected area (such as an ulcer would, or pus from an infection) in order to identify the specific infecting bacterium and them determine its sensitivity to antibiotic drugs
dermis layer of skin under the epidermis, which contains living tissue, nerve endings, capillaries, and lymphatics
motis layers of cancer- containing skin are progressively removed and examined until only cancer-free tissue remains
excoriations linear scratch marks or traumatized abrasions of the epidermis
abscess localized collection of pus at the sight of an infection (characteristically a staphylococcal infection)
vitiligo localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches
petechia minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin
gangerene necrosis or death of tissue
benign non-cancerous
cicatrix normal scarring
congenital noted at birth
epidermis outermost layer of skin with no blood or nerve supply
nodule palpable circumscribed lesion, larger and deeper than a papule ( 0.6 to 2 cm) extends into the dermal area
alopecia partial or complete loss of hair resulting from normal aging, and endocrine disorder, a drug reaction anticancer medication or a skin disease; commonly called- baldness
subcutaneous pertaining to under the skin
choloasma pigmentary skin discolouration usually occurring in yellowish brown patches or spots
photodynamic procedure in which cells selectively treated with an agent called a photo-sensitizer are exposed to light to produce a reaction that destroys the cells
keloid raised firm, thickened scar that may grow for a prolonged period of time
erythema redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries
ponch removal of a small core of tissue using a hollow punch
needle removal of a small tissue sample for examination using hollow needle, usually attached to a syringe
shave removal of elevated lesions using a surgical blade
debriement removal of necrotized tissue from a wound by surgical excision, enzymes or chemical agents
biopsy representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination
dermabrasion rubbing using wire brushes or sandpaper to mechanically scrape away the epidermis
crustation scab
abrasion scrape
ecchymosis skin discolouration consisting of a large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colours changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow; commonly called bruise
dermatoplasty skin grafting: repair of the skin
patch skin test that identifies allergic contact dermatitis by applying a suspected allergen to a patch which is then taped on the skin, usually the forearm, and observing the area 24 hours later for an allergic response
scratch skin test that identifies suspected allergens by placing a small quantity of the suspected allergen on a lightly scratched area of the skin; also called puncture or prick test
intradermal skin test that identifies suspected allergens by subcutaneously injecting small amounts of extracts of the suspected allergens and observing the skin for subsequent reaction
dermathotherapy skin treatment
lentigo small brown merciless, especially of the face and arms, brought on by sun exposure, usually in a middle-aged or older person
fissure small slit or crack like sore that extends into the dermal layer; could be caused by continuous inflammation and drying
pustule small, raised, circumscribed lesion that contains pus; usually less than 1cm diameter
onychomalacia softening of the nail
tumour soild, elevated lesion larger then 2cm in diameter that extends into the dermal and subcutaneous layers
papule soild, elevated lesion less than 1cm in diameter hat may be the same colour as the skin or pigmented
homeostasis state in which the regulatory mechanisms of the body maintain an internal environment within tolerable levels, despite changes in the external environment
mycology study of fungus
lumpectomy surgical removal of a small breast tumour
pachyderma thick skin
keratosis thickened area of the epidermis or any horny growth on the skin
fulguration tissue destruction by means of high-frequecy electric current; also called electrodesiccation
antiseptics topically applied agents that inhibit growth of bacteria, thus preventing infections in cuts scratches and surgical incisions
xenograft transplantation from a foreign donor and usually a pig and transferred to a human also called heterograft
synthetic transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibres arranged in a lattice pattern
allograft transplantation of healthy tissue from one person to another person; also called homograft
skin graft transplantation of healthy tissue to an injured sited
contusion/bruise trauma with unbroken skin
lipoma tumour composed of fat cells
comedo typical small skin lesion of dance vulgarism caused by accumulation of keratin, bacteria and dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin
frozen section ultrathin slice of tissue from a frozen specimen for immediate pathological examination
subungual under the nail
pallor unnatural paleness or absence of colour in the skin
cryosurgery use of subfreezing temperature to destroy or eliminate abnormal tissue such as tumourous, warts, unwanted, cancerous, or infected tissue
ductule very small duct