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Government

6th grade social studies - government

TermDefinition
oligarchy The citizens have a very limited role in this type of government and the country is ruled by a couple of people that have all the power
autocracy one person possesses unlimited power and the citizens have very little or no role in the government
democracy The supreme power is held by the people. The power in this government is held by the people in a system of representation
unitary government in which power is held by one central authority
federal power is divided between the national (federal) government and local (state) government.
monarchy rule by a king or queen
confederation a permanent union of self-governing states
Parliamentary Democracy The real executive power is held in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature. May also have a Prime Minister elected by the legislature.
Presidential Democracy Type of government where the president is constitutionally independent of the legislature; voting helps to support this type of democracy
House of Lords One of two governing bodies in the British parliament that is appointed, but used to be inherited
House of Commons One of two governing bodies in the British parliament elected by the people that controls the government's finances
European Union A group of European countries that participates in the world economy as one economic unit, operating under one official currency (the euro); goal is to create a barrier-free trade zone.
Constitution Document stating basic laws to govern a country
Martial Law Complete military control of a government, usually temporarily
Created by: aliciacook