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Anatomy Session 1

Integumentary System Med Terms

TermDefinition
Actinic Keratosis A premalignant watery lesion occurring on the sun-exposed skin of the face or hands in aged light - skinned people
Alopecia Loss of hair from head or body (baldness)
Basal Cell Carcinoma A slow growing malignant neoplasm
Benign Lesion A tumor that does mot form any metastases, and does not invade and destroy adjacent normal tissue
Biopsy A process of removing tissue from a patient for macroscopic diagnostic examination
Congenital Nevus A melanocytic nevus that is visible at birth, is often larger than an acquired nevus
Contact Dermatitis Acute or Chronic dermatitis caused by initial irritant effect of a substance that is exposed to the skin
Cutaneous Pertaining to the skin
Debridement Removal of foreign materials, necrotic matter, and devitalized tissue from wound or burn
Decubitus Ulcer Focal ischemic necrosis of skin and underlying tissues at sites of constant pressure or recurring friction
Dermabrasion Procedure used to remove acne scars or pits, performed with sandpaper or other abrasive materials
Dermatofibroma A slowly growing, benign skin nodule consisting of poorly demarcated cellular fibrous tissue
Dermatologist A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating cutaneous and related systemic diseases
Dermatology The study of skin
Dermatome An instrument for cutting thin slices of skin for grafting or excising small lesions
Dermis Directly below the epidermis, the dermis is the second layer of the skin
Dysplastic Nevus Cutaneous pigmented lesions with notched, irregular borders, considered pre-malignant
Ecchymosis A condition in which blood seeps into the skin causing discoloration
Epidermis The outer layer of the skin
Eschar A thick crusty covering or slough that develops after thermal or chemical burn or cauterization of the skin
Follicles Specialized structures required for hair growth
Gynecomastia Excessive development of the male mammary glands
Hair Follicles Sacs that hold the root of hair fibers
Hair Papilla Knoblike indentation at the bottom of hair follicle that contains the blood supply to hair root
Hypodermic Pertaining to under the skin
Impetigo A contagious superficial pyoderma caused by Staph or group A Strep
Intradermal Pertaining to within the layers of the skin
Intradermal Nevus A Nevus in which nests of melanocytes are found in the dermis, but not at the epidermal-dermal junction
Jaundice Yellowness of the skin
Keloid A nodular, firm, often-linear mass hyperplastic, thick scar tissue
Lunula Little moon area of nail
Melanin Pigment that gives color to the skin
Melanoma A pigmented tumor of the skin
Mycoses Any disease caused by a fungus
Nail Body Visible part of nail
Nail Bed Skin below nail - epidermis and dermis (sterile matrix)
Necrosis Pathologic death of one or more cells, or of a portion of tissue or organ resulting from irreversible damage
Nevus A circumscribed malformation of the skin, especially one that is colored by hyperpigmentation
Onychitis Inflammation of nail matrix
Pediculosis Infestation with lice
Pilonidal Cyst Hair - containing cyst or sinus in the tissues of the sacrococcygeal area
Pruritus Relating to itching
Psoriasis A common inherited condition characterized by the eruption of reddish, silvery-scaled maculopapules
Sebaceous Cyst A common cyst of the skin and subcutis containing sebum and keratin
Seborrhea Over activity of the sebaceous gland, resulting in an excessive amount of sebum
Subcutaneous Pertaining to below skin
Tinea Ringworm (a fungal infection of the skin)
Created by: BBracha