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Anatomy Session 1

Anatomy Postion & Planes

TermDefinition
Anterior (ventral) Near the front of the body
Posterior (dorsal) Near the back of the body
Medial Pertaining to the midline of the body
Lateral Pertaining to the side
Proximal Near the attachment of an extremity
Distal Farther from the attachment of the body
Superior (cranial) Toward the head or upper portion of a structure
Inferior (caudal) Away from the head; toward the tail or lower part of a structure
Superficial (external) Toward the surface of the body
Deep (internal) Away from the surface of the body
Prone Lying Horizontal with the face downward
Supine Lying on the back with the face upward
Palmar Pertaining to the palm of the hand
Plantar Pertaining to the sole of the foot
Sagittal Cuts through the midline of the body from front to back and divides the body into right and left sections
Frontal (coronal) Cuts at a right angle to the midline cut, and divides the body into front (anterior) and back (posterior) sections
Transverse (horizontal) Cuts horizontally through the body and separates the body into upper (superior) and lower (inferior) sections
Cranial Space inside skull (cranium) containing brain
Spinal (vertebral) Space inside spinal column containing the spinal cord
Dorsal (posterior aspect) Cranial and spinal cavities combine to create the dorsal cavity or posterior aspect
Thoracic (Chest) Space containing the heart, lungs, esophagus, trachea, bronchi, thymus (also the mediastinum, pleural, and pericardial cavities
Abdominal Space containing the lower portion of the esophagus, the stomach, intestines (excluding the sigmoid colon and rectum), kidneys, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, and ureters
Pelvic Space containing the urinary bladder, certain reproductive organs, part of the large intestines and the rectum
Abdominopelvic Abdominal and pelvic cavities combine to create the abdominopelvic cavity.
Ventral Thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities combine to create the ventral cavity
Created by: BBracha