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Anatomy chap 8-10

Chapters 8-10

QuestionAnswer
What covers the trachea so food doesn't go into the lungs when younswallow Epiglottis
What's it called when fluids and solids come back up from the stomach Regurgitation
Inflammation of a pouch in the colon Diverticulitis
Medical term for gall stones Cholelithiasis
Varicose vein in the rectum Hemorrhoid
Abbrev for nothing by mouth NPO
Disease that destroys the cells of the liver Cirrhosis
Visual exam of the colon Colonoscopy
Loss of appetite Anorexia
Inguinal hernia Loop of intestine protruding from the Inguinal canal
Abdominal hernia Loop of intestines protruding through the diaphragm
Hiatal hernia Protrusion of the stomach through the diaphragm
Where is the appendix At the secum at the large intestine
Where is bile produced Liver
Removal of the gallbladder Cholecystectomy
Chole/e Bile
Cholecystitis Gallbladder inflammation
Cholelithiasis Presence of gallstones
Diverticulitis Inflammation of the diverticulitum (in colon)
Enter/o Small intestine
Gingivitis Inflammation of the gums
Or/o Mouth
Where does urine formation take place Nephrons
X-ray of kidney using a dye injected into the vein Intravenous pyelogram
Pus in the urine Pyuria
Medical term for kidney stone Nephrolith
Visual exam of the bladder Cystoscopy
Blood in the urine Hematuria
Not producing urine at all Anuria
Ureter Organ that transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Urethra Tube that travels from bladder to outside the body
-algia Pain
Cyst/o Bladder
Dysuria Painful urination
Incontenence Involuntary release of urine or feces
Lith/o Stone
Micturition Urination
Pyle/o Renal pelvis
-stenosis Narrowing
Baby in the first 8 weeks of pregnancy Embryo
Mentrual cramping Dysmenorrhea
Abrupto placenta Placenta tears away from the uterine wall before week 20
Benign tumor in the uterus Fibroid
Area between urethra and anus Perineum
Multipara 2 or more live births
Multigravida 2 or more pregnancies
Excessive fluid around testes Hyrdocele
Inflammation of the penis Balanitis
What is it called when the testes don't descend into the scrotal sac Cryptorchidism
Difference between castration and sterilization Castration is removal of testicles in males and ovaries in females, sterilization is the process of male or female to be unable to bear children
Centisis Puncture to withdraw fluid
Colp/o Vagina
Mast/o Breast
Oophor/o Ovary
Orch/o Testes
PSA Prostate specific antigen
Term for back up of urine in kidney caused by distention Hydronephrosis
Beginning of menstration is called Menarche
Organs of the GI tract Mouth, esophagus, stomach, sm intestine, lg intestine,
Created by: Kbowers