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Fuels Vol. 1 Unit 1

Fuels Safety

QuestionAnswer
Liquids having a closed cup flash point below 100*F and having a vapor pressure not exceeding 40 psia at 100*F Class 1 Flammable
Liquids w/ flash points at or above 100*F & below 140*F Class 2 Combustible
Liquids w/ flash points at or above 140*F Class 3 combustible
Liquids w/ flash points at or above 140*F and below 200*F Class 3A combustible
Liquids w/ flash points at or above 200*F Class 3B combustible
JP-8 has a flash point of 100*F
Diesel has a flash point of <120*F
jp-4 has a flash point of 0*F
MOGAS has a flash point of -40*F
temperature at which ice crystals begin to form in fuels freeze point
jp-8 has a freeze point of -58*F
JP-5 has a freeze point of -51*F
Diesel fuel contains 6-8% wax which can form wax crystals at low temps called its cloud point
mass of liquid at 60*F/mass of equal volume of distilled water specific gravity
the ability of a material to transmit or conduct electricity conductivity
poisoning from fuels occurs in three ways inhaling the vapors, swallowing the fuel, and absorption through skin
The production of too much mucous in your lungs may cause death by "dry-land drowning"
__ and __ are known to be in fuels that are still used today and can cause lead poisoning and cancer TEL and benzene
the outward pressure generated by the vapors at a certain temp vapor pressure
the ease or tendency with which a liquid changes into a vapor state volatility
the lowest temp at which a liquid gives off sufficient vapors to ignite when mixed w/ air and a flame or source of ignition is applied flash point
the mass per unit volume density
lowest and highest percentages of fuel mixed w/ air able to be ignited explosive range
__ provides safety requirements for the operation and inspection of fuel systems TO 37-1-1, General Operatoin & inspection of installed fuel storage & dispensing systems
__ is the primary potential source of fires static electricity
most hazardous fuels to work around are JP-4 and MOGAS
__ directs and dissipates any build-up of electrostatic charges literally into the ground and __ equalizes the electrical potential of separate components carrying a charge. Grounding, bonding
Normal flow of fuel through a pipeline is 7-12 fps
when filling an empty floating roof tank or cone roof w/ floating pan tank, flow rate through the receiving line must be reduced to __ until the roof or pan is floating 3 fps
insertion of any object in a storage tank or the climbing of an above ground tank's stairs are prohibited for at least 30 minutes after receiving fuel into the tank
All personnel working on or around fueling equipment and operations should wear clothing made of 100% cotton or a combo blend of 50% cotton & 50% polyester
3 factors of the fire triangle air, fuel, and heat
__ is the single factor you must eliminate at all times around fuel systems by being aware of your surroundings and possible sources heat
always approach and perform fuels-related work from __ of the vapors so not to become the source of ignition or be overcome by the vapors upwind
electrically powered tools and equipment used in a fuels environment must be rated for Class I, Division I, Group C & D
post signs __ from all approachable sides of diked areas and fuel vents of underground storage tanks if no security fence is provided 50 feet
Stencil piping systems in accordance w/ UFC 3-460-01, Design: Petroleum Fuel Facilites
Use __ as a primary warning for all flammable gases and liquids. Use __ stripes or bands to indicate the type of fuel. __ letters on a __ background describes the exact type of fuel yellow, yellow, white, black
NATO symbols for MOGAS, Diesel, unleaded F-50, F-54, F-57
NATO symbols for JP-4, JP-5, JP-8 F-40, F-44, F-34
what kind of lighting fixtures and wiring are used in all fuel areas? explosion-proof
emergency shutoff switches must be located no closer than __ to a truck fillstand; at service stations located no closer than __ and no farther than __ away 25 feet; 25 feet, 100 feet
check for proper operation of shower and eye wash stations when? before commencing work
fire-reporting telephones should be located within __ of all fixed fueling points and within __ of other aircraft parking and operational servicing points 300 feet, 500 feet
a minimum of __ hydrants are required near a storage tank and must be located within __ two, 300 feet
if someone swallows fuel, DO NOT __, but if conscious, have them drink __ or __ glasses of water induce vomiting, 4 or 5
remove fuel from the skin by washing with __ and __ soap and water
1st degree burns the skin is __. 2nd degree burns cause __. 3rd degree burns will __, __ or __ away the skin reddened; blisters; cook, char or eat
common problems encountered by fuels personnel in hot weather are heat cramps (large amounts of water), heat exhaustion (move victim to shade, loosen clothing, & give salt water), heatstroke (lower body temp)
common problems encountered by fuels personnel in cold weather are frostbite and hypothermia
AF publication that governs the wear of respirators is AFOSH STD 48-137, Respiratory Protection Program
which office is primarily responsible for the base RPP and is responsible for conducting fit-testing bioenvironmental engineering
the two most common air respirators that WFM personnel use are the air purifying and supplied air respirators
at what pressure percentage should air and oxygen cylinders be recharged at? 90%
what is the DD Form number for the Unserviceable (repairable) tag? 1577-2
air line hoses used for SARs should not exceed 300 feet
respirator components should be immersed for two minutes in one of the following: hypochlorite solution or aqueous solution of iodine
Created by: Scottydick