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2nd Nine Weeks LA.

TermDefinition
Simile Compares two unlike things using"like or as"
Metaphor Compares two unlike things, but doesn't use "like or as". It states that one thing is the other thing
Onomatopoeia A word (s) that imitates the sound that it represents Example: Vroom! PoP! Bang! Beep Beep! Ring Ring!
Commas in a Series When you have 3 or more items in a series or list, commas are needed. Place the first comma after the first item and the last comma before the conjunction. You need one less comma than the number of items on your list. Example: Please buy bread, milk, car
Noun in a Direct Address When you are speaking to someone directly, you need to place a comma in a sentence. If the person's name is written first, a comma goes after their name. If the persons name is written last, a comma goes before their name.Example: Marsha, can you please b
Introductory Words/ Phrases Place a comma after the introductory word or phrase in a sentence. Example: Yes, you my play with your friends. No, you may not have candy before dinner. Well I'm not sure where to go.
Simple Sentence One independent clause; it contains a subject, verb, and predicate,Example: Alice worked on her homework assignment.
Compound Sentence Two independent clauses joined by a comma and conjunction or semicolon. Example: The Teachers taught the students about World War 1, and the students really enjoyed learning about this time period.
Complex Sentence One independent clause and one dependent clause. If the dependent clause comes first, a comma is needed. If the independent clause comes first, no comma is needed. A complex sentence contains an AAAWWUBBIS word.
Compound- Complex Sentence Two independent clauses and one dependent clause. Example: Since you did not clean your room, you can't go to the birthday party, and you won't get your weekly allowance.
Conjunction A word that combines words, phrases, or sentences together. Example: Mark works hard each day, so he comes home exhausted at night.
Preposition A word that shows a relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word in the sentence. Example: The students walked around the track
Prepositional Phrase A phrase that begins with a preposition and ends with the object of the preposition ( noun or pronoun) Example: The sweet girls laughed together during the sleepover
Titles Always capitalize the first and last word of a title. Capitalize any important words in the middle of a title.Shorter works get quotation marks: songs, poems,chapter titles, TV shows, newspaper or magazine articles, short stories.
Correlative Conjunction As suggested by their name, correlative conjunctions correlate, working in pairs to join phrases or words that carry equal importance within a sentence. Example: Every night, either loud music or fighting neighbors wake John from his sleep.
Combining and Reducing Sentences Writers combine sentences sometimes because they are too short.
Created by: Nia Warren
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