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Orange Module Pharmacy Review
|-chemical substance that affects the mind/body -used to diagnosis, treatment or prevention of disease -illegal substances
|Differentiate between prescription repeats and prescription renewals.
|Repeats-A continuation of long-term medications Renewals-Extension of prescriptions that have run out
|Describe sustained release.
|Cause a delay in the active absorption of the medication.
|What can drugs be classified by?
|Function, effect and body system.
|Name and describe the different effects of drugs.
|Therapeutic action-the purpose for giving the drug, Side effects/adverse effects-every drug has potential side effects, Allergies-a serious reaction to a drug.
|Name and describe the classifications of drugs by scope of action.
|Local-when the drug affects the site of application only, Systemic-circulate in the bloodstream, Cumulative-accumulates faster than it can be metabolized.
|Name and describe the classifications of drugs by use.
|Therapeutic-to relieve symptoms, Diagnostic-to perform diagnostic test (enema), Curative drugs-to overcome a disease, infection or other conditions, Replacement drugs-to "replace" a hormone, Prophylactic-to prevent a condition or decrease the severity.
|What are the four names that can be given to a single drug?
|Chemical, generic, trade, botanical.
|What are the two methods of dispensing drugs?
|What is enteric-coated?
|Allows pills to bypass the stomach.
|What is a pharmacist?
|A health professional who is trained in preparing and dispensing drugs.
|What is pharmacology?
|The study/description of drugs, their composition, actions and effects, A biological science.
|What is a pharmacy?
|A licensed business involved in dispensing drugs.
|When are drug errors more likely made?
|When taken over the phone, transcription.
|A combination of two drugs that causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug given alone.
|Administration of drugs in gaseous or vapour form through the nose or mouth.
|Agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug.
|Agent that excites and promotes activity.
|Agent that lowers blood pressure.
|Agent that produces sleep.
|An effect that is produced as an individual's sensitivity to a drug.
|An effect that routinely results from the use of a drug.
|By injection or intravenous administration.
|Chemical substance that inhibits or kills foreign organisms.
|Circulating through the bloodstream to produce a general effect on the body.
|Commercial name for a drug; trade name.
|Drug action in which larger and larger doses must be given to achieve the desired effect.
|Drug that blocks the action of natural histamines in the body and relieves allergy symptoms.
|Drug that is used to relieve symptoms of depression.
|Drug that prevents convulsions.
|Drug that promotes vomiting.
|Drug used to prevent diarrhea.
|Drug which helps restore heart rhythm to a regular cycle.
|Drug which neutralizes acid in the stomach.
|Drug which reduces or eliminates sensation.
|Drug which relieves pain.
|Drugs applied on the skin or mucous membranes.
|Drugs defined by federal law to which special rules apply because they are liable to be abused.
|Drugs taken by mouth.
|Drugs taken under the tongue.
|Drugs inserted via the anus into the rectum.
|Factors in a patient's condition that prevent the use of a drug treatment.
|Habit-forming drug that relieves pain.
|Harmful effects of a drug.
|Hypersensitive reaction of the body to a drug or foreign organism.
|Instrument for introducing fluids to or withdrawing fluids from the body.
|Mildly hypnotic drug that relaxes, without necessarily producing sleep.
|Movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells.
|Oils, extracted primarily from plants, that do not evaporate.
|Oils, extracted primarily from plants, that evaporate.
|Particles of medication suspended in air.
|Relating to the eye.
|Substances found in foods which are essential for life.
|Target substance with which a drug interacts in the body.
|The concentration of a drug may increase with each dose, due to the half-life of previous doses.
|The process by which a medication is taken into the body, broken down and transformed into a form that the body can use.
|The process by which metabolites are transported to various parts of the body.
|The process of breaking down a drug or other substances into metabolites used by the body.
|The time required by the body to metabolize half the amount of the drug ingested.
|The total effect that two drugs have in combination is equal to the sum of the effects of each.
|Via the ear.
|Furosemide twenty milligrams, take one table orally twice daily.
|Furosemide 20 mg, 1 tab. p.o. b.i.d.
|Isopto-tears ten millilitres one to two drops in both eyes as required.
|Isopto-tears 10 mL i-ii gtts ou prn
|Propanolol 40 mg qd, po, ac breakfast
|Propanolol 40 milligrams every day, by mouth before breakfast
|Ranitidine 150 ml t.i.d. a.c.
|Ranitidine 150 millilitres three times a day before meals
|Amoxicillin 500 milligrams take one capsule orally four times daily after meals
|Amoxicillan 500mg 1 cap p.o. q.i.d. p.c.
|Burrosol two drops in the right ear every night for three days then one drop every other day
|Burrosol ii gtts a.d. qPM x 3 d, then i gtt q.o.d.
|Lovastatin twenty milligrams daily taken by mouth
|Lovastatin 20 mg qd po
|Demerol fifty milligrams daily for one month
|Demerol 50 mg q.d. 1/12
|Peptobismol liquid one hundred twenty milligrams daily for one month
|Peptobismol liq. 120 mg qd x 1/12
|Losec 20 mg three times a day for one week
|Losec twenty milligrams t.i.d. x 1/52
|as soon as possible
|twice a day
|Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialities
|nothing by mouth
|Ontario Drug Benefit
|over the counter
|every day before noon
|every other day
|every day after noon (every night)
|every 1, 2, 3,... hours
|four times a day
|S.C., SC, SQ, Subc, subq, subcut
|three times a day
|x 3 days
|times three days