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Respiratory System

Respiratory System A system that is responsible for taking in oxygen and removing CO2
Nose Two openings in which you smell out of
Nasal Septum Wall of cartilage
Nasal Cavities divides the nose into two hollow spaces
Cilia Tiny, hairlike structures
Sinuses Cavities in the skull that surround tha nasal area
Pharynx Or throat
Larynx Voicebox
Epiglottis A special leaflike piece of cartilage allows swallowing
Trachea Windpipe a tube extending from the larynx to the center of the chest
Bronchi The center of the chest
Bronchioles smaller bronchi that divide into smaller branches
Alveoli Air sacs at the end of bronchioles
Lungs The bronchi and the alveoli are found in organs
Pleura Each lung is enclosed in a membrane
Ventilation the process of breathing
Inspiration the procces of breathing in air
Expiration the proccess of air being pushed out the lungs
Respiration The procces of inspiration and expiration
External Respiration The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between lungs and blood stream
Internal Respiration The exchange of CO2 and O between the tissue cells and bloodstream
Cellular Respiration The cells use the oxygen and nutrients to produce energy
Asthma A respiratory disorder usually caused by a sensitivity to an allergen. Like food, an animal, medications, pollen and dust. Treatments include bronchodilators and oxygen therapy.
Bronchitis Inflammation of the bronchi and bronchial tubes. Caused by a productive cough, chest pain, fever or smoking.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease COPD it results in the obstruction of the airways. treatment include mucolytics and cough medicines.
Emphysema Chronic condition that occurs when the walls of the alveoli deteriorate and lose thier elasticity.
Created by: JByas