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Chapters 3-5

Anatomy Chapters 3-5

QuestionAnswer
3 Layers of the skin Dermis, Epidermis & subcutaneous Layer
Another name for a freckle Macule
Sweat Gland Apocrine gland
Black and Blue mark Ecchymosis
1st degree burn Superficial, reddened skin
2nd degree burn blisters
3rd degreee burn full thickness - charring
Sebum Oil that lubricates hair and skin
Where is sebum produced The sebaceous glands
Closed fracture No open skin wound
Compound fracture Broken skin wound
Complete fracture Clean break
Comminuted fracture Bone is shattered or splintered
Green stick fracture Broken on one side bent on the other
Most common type of joint Synovial joint
Alopecia Absence of hair
Aneurysm Weakness in wall of atery
Anhidrosis Abnormal condition of no sweat
Arrhythmia Irregular heartbeat
Arthralgia Joint pain
Arthr/o Joint
Arthritis Inflammation in the joint
Arthrodesis Surgical fusing of joint to provide stability
Arthroscopy Examination of joint using arthroscope
Auscultation Listening to sounds in the body using a stethoscope
Biopsy Piece of tissue removed and examined under a microscope
Bx Abbrev for biopsy
Bradycardia Slow heartbeat. Below 60 BPM
Cardiomegaly Enlarged heart
Cardiomyopathy Heart disease
Cost/o Rib
Cyanosis Bluish color of skin due to lack of oxygen
Dermatome Instrument used for cutting skin
Derm/o Skin
-dynia Pain
Erythema Redness
Erythroderma Red skin
Fibrillation Abnormal contraction of heart muscles
Fibromyalgia Pain in muscles and soft tissue
HTN Hypertention
Jaundice Yellowing of the skin
Keloid Thick hypertrophic scar
Melanin Black color pigment in skin
Myel/o Bone marrow
Myocardial infarction Closing of one or more of the coronary artery
Necrosis Dead tissue
Orth/o Straight
Orthopedist Orthopedic surgeon
Pericardium Double walled sac around the heart
Physiatrist Medical doctor who studies the body
Pil/o Hair
Podiatrist Foot doctor
Pulse Surge of blood caused by heart beat
Rickets Deficiency of blood or vitamin D found in early childhood... Bow leg
-rrhaphy Suture
Stenosis Narrowing
Tachycardia Fast heart rate
How many cervical vertebrae are there 7
How many thoracic vertebrae are there? 12
How many lumbar vertabrae are there? 5
What is lordosis? Hunchback
What is kyphosis? Swayback
What is Scoliosis? Lateral curvature
Name the parts of the axial skeleton Head, neck, spine, chest and trunk
Name the parts of the appendicular skeleton Pectoral girdles, upper extremities, pelvic girdle and lowers extremities
What is the difference between an artery and vein? Arteries carry blood away from the heart, veins carry blood back to the heart
What is a treadmill test? Stress test. To test patient's cardiovascular fitness level
Where does the left atrium get it's blood from? The lungs through the four pulmonary veins
What is the systemic circulation? Circuit that carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissue and cells
What is the pulmonary circuit? Circuit that carries deoxygenated blood to the lungs to get oxygen
Which artery provides blood to the muscle of the heart? (Myocardium) Coronary arteries
What is the name of the node that regulates the beat of the heart? Sinoatrial
Oxygen exchange happens in what type of vessel? Capillaries
Know the blood flow through the heart Deoxygenated blood > right atrium Right atrium > tricuspid valve > right ventricle Right ventricle > pulmonary valve > pulmonary artery > lungs Lungs > left atrium > mitral valve > left ventricle Left ventricle > aortic valve > aorta > the body
What are the organs of the cardiovascular system? Heart, arteries, capillaries, veins
Circulatory system is divided in to what? Pulmonary circulation and systemic circulation
Average heartbeat 60-100 bpm
3 heart layers Endocardium, myocardium, epicardium
Four heart valves Tricuspid, pulmonary, bicuspid (mitral), aortic
Relaxation phase of the heart Diastole (lower number)
Contraction phase of the heart Systolic (high number)
Pacemaker Sinoatrial
3 blood vessels Arteries, veins, capillaries
Smallest veins Venules
Angiogram Record of a vessel
Angioplasty Repair of a vessel
Angiostenosis Narrowing of a vessel
Venogram Record of a vein
Palpitations Pounding racing heartbeats
Cardiomyopathy Myocardial disease
Fibrillation Quivering of heart fibers
Embolus Obstruction of blood vessel caused by clot
Thrombus Blood clot within the vessel
Venography X-Ray of vein
Stress test measures? Cardiovascular health
How many bones in an adult 206
Bone marrow produces Red blood cells
2 purposes of bones Protect vital organs, store minerals
Joints are held together by? Ligaments
Wide ends of long bones? Epiphysis
Cancellous bone also called? Spongy bone
Where is bone marrow found? Cancellous bone
Posterior side of bones ...
Arthrocentesis Puncture to withdraw fluid from joint
Arthrodesis Fusion of a joint
Coles fracture Common wrist fracture
Osteoarthritis Results in degeneration of bone and joints
Plant/o Sole of foot
Fasci/o Fibrous band
Kinesi/o Movement
My/o Muscle
-asthenia Weakness
-ab Away from
-ad Toward
3 types of muscles Skeletal, smooth, cardiac
Skeletal muscle is also called Striated muscle
Fascia in muscles are stimulated by Motor neurons
Origin Less movable of two bones
Insertion More movable of two bones
Bduction Movement away from midline of body
Adduction Movement toward midline of body
Flexion Bending
Dorsiflexion Backward bending foot
Plantar flexion Pointing toes
My/o Muscle
Dyskinesia Difficult moving
Keratin Hard protein in the skin
Hyperhydrosis Over sweating
Anhidrosis Lack of sweating
Hirsutism Excessive hair growth
Petechiae Small little bruises
Purpura Skin hemorrhage due to fragile blood vessels
Nodule Firm solid mass larger than .5 cm
Ulcer Open sore
Rule of nines ...
Psoriasis Chronic inflammatory condition
Culture and sensitivity test (C&S) Grows bacteria removed from infected area to identify infecting bacteria
Skin graft Transfer of normal skin to another site
Allograft Transfer of skin from one person to another
Autograft Skin graft from ones own body
Hetrograft Transfer of sking from an animal, usually a pig... Xenograft
What is in the dermis layer Blood vessels
Created by: Kbowers