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chapter 13 and 14

endocrine and reproductive system

Acromegaly Abnormal enlargement of the extremities (hands and feet) that is caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone after puberty
Antidiuretic hormone Maintains the water balance within the body by promoting the reabsorption of water through the kidneys
Cortisol Anti-inflammatory action and it regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the body
Cushing’s Syndrome Hypercotisolism Caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol Symptoms are a round or “moon” face
Diabetes Mellitus Group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both.
Epinephrine Stimulates the sympathetic nervous system in response to stress or other stimuli. It makes the heart beat faster and can raise blood pressure. It also helps the liver release glucose and limits the release of insulin
Glucagon Hormone secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreatic islets in response to low blood sugar levels.
Grave’s Disease An autoimmune disorder that is caused by hyperthyroidism characterized by goiter and exophthalmos
Goiter Abnormal nonmalignant enlargement of the thyroid gland
hyperglycemia Abnormally high concentration of glucose in the blood Seen in patients with diabetes mellitus
Hypoglycemia Abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood
Polyuria Excessive urination
Amenorrhea Abnormal absence of menstrual periods for 3 or more months
Chlamydia Highly contagious STD which requires early treatment with antibiotics Females: Can damage reproductive organs, can lead to infertility Males: One of the causes of urethritis
Bacterial Vaginosis Condition in women in which there is an abnormal overgrowth of certain bacteria in the vagina
Epididymitis Inflammation of the epididymis that is frequently caused by the spread of infection from the urethra and bladder
Genital Herpes Caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2
Genital Warts Caused by the HPV are highly contagious In the male, this virus affects the urethra In females, it affects the external genitalia, cervix and vagina and increases the risk for cervical cancer
Gonorrhea Highly contagious STD In women, this condition affects the cervix, uterus and fallopian tubes In men, this affects the urethra by causing painful urination, and abnormal discharge It can also affects the mouth, throat, and anus of both men and women
HIV Human immunodeficiency virus Transmitted through exposure to infected body fluids, particularly through sexual intercourse with an infected partner
Priapism Pain errection that lasts 4 hours or more but it not accompanied by sexual excitement
Syphilis Highly contagious STD Passed from person to person through direct contact with a chancre, which is a sore caused by this disease The condition is detected through a VDRL (venereal disease research laboratory) blood test before the lesions appear
Trichomoniasis Infection caused by the protozoan parasite
Varicocele a knot of varicose veins in one side of the scrotum
Vasovasostomy Procedure performed as an attempt to restore fertility to a vasectomized male
Created by: wood33971