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Chapter 32

TermDefinition
alimentary canal The intestinal tract; from the esophagus to the rectum, including accessory organs
cardiac sphincter The muscle that encircles the esophagus where it enters the stomach.
cecum The beginning of the ascending portion of the large intestine that forms a blind pouch at the junction with the small intestine.
chyme The mixture of partially digested food and digestive secretions found in the stomach and small intestines during the digestion of a meal.
colon The large intestine.
colostomy An artificial opening from the colon that allows fecal material to be excreted through the abdominal wall.
common bile duct A duct carrying bile from the hepatic and cystic ducts to the duodenum.
Crohn's disease An inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract with debilitating symptoms.
diverticulitis Inflammation of a diverticulum.
duodenum The first segment of the small intestine.
enzyme A complex chemical substance produced by the body, found primarily in the digestive juices, that acts on food substances to break them down for absorption.
fistula An abnormal tubelike passage from a normal cavity or an abscess to a free surface.
flatus Intestinal gas that may be expelled through the anus.
gallbladder A small sac suspended beneath the liver that concentrates and stores bile.
hiatus Pertains to a herniation of the stomach through an opening.
hydrochloric acid The acid of the gastric juice found in the stomach.
ileocecal The valve between the end of the small intestine and the cecum.
ileostomy A surgical opening from the ileum into the abdominal wall.
ileum The last section of the small intestine.
impaction A collection of hardened feces in the rectum that cannot be expelled.
liver The largest gland in the body; it secretes bile and is located in the upper-right quadrant of the abdomen below the diaphragm.
mesentery A peritoneal fold connecting the intestine to the posterior abdominal wall
pancreas An elongated gland that secretes insulin and pancreatic digestive juices.
paralytic ileus Paralysis of the intestinal wall with symptoms of acute obstruction.
peptic Pertaining to digestion; also refers to an ulcer of the upper digestive tract.
polyp A tumor with a pedicle, especially on mucous membranes such as those in the nose, rectum, or intestines.
pruritus ani Itching about the anus.
pyloric Pertaining to the opening between the stomach and the duodenum.
sigmoid The S-shaped section of the large intestine between the descending colon and the rectum
transverse The segment of the large intestine that lies across the abdomen.
ulcer An open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane that is characterized by the loss of tissue and the formation of a secretion.
vermiform appendix The appendix; a small tube attached to the cecum.
villi Tiny projections on the surface of the small intestine that absorb nutrients during the process of digestion (singular: villus).
villous adenoma A type of polyp that is invasive and malignant.
Name the four phases of the digestive process. .
ascending colon large intestine
transverse colon large intestine
descending colon large intestine
sigmoid colon large intestine
Created by: rachaelbernal78