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68C Ph. 2 T.1

Basic Infection Prevention and Control

QuestionAnswer
Identify events in the inflammatory response and infectious process a.damaged tissues release histamines, increasing blood flow b.histamines cause capillaries to leak, releasing phagocytes and clotting factors c.phagocytes engulf particles d.platelets move out capillary to seal wound
Signs of Inflammation redness, loss of function of affected body part, swelling, pain, heat
Infection process (4 Stages) 1.incubation period 2.prodromal stage 3.illness stage 4.convalescence
Systemic Infection pathogens spread throughout the systems of the body. Characterized by fever, chills, hypotension, tachycardia, leukocytosis(elevated WBC)
Infectious Disease Process "Chain of Infection" 1. Etiologic agents 2.Reservoir 3.Portal of Exit 4.Mode of transmission 5.Portal of entry 6.Susceptible host
Recommended guidelines for standard precautions gown/apron- splashes of blood or other body fluids, mask/eye pro- splashes of blood or other body fluids, sharps-dispose needles with syringes and other sharp items
Group patients according to.. epidemiology of transmission
Healthcare-associated infection not present or incubating upon admission, infection related to previous hospitalization or procedure
What are the two tiers to isolation? transmission based, standard precautions
How is MRSA spread? spread among close contact with infected person, almost always physical contact- ALSO through indirect contact with contaminated objects MOST COMMON= floor, bed linen, patient gown, overbed table
How long should handwashing occur? 15 seconds AT MINIMUM
Created by: ajwildasin30