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Digestive System

Digestion the process of changing food products into usable substances
Absorption the transfer of nutrients into the blood stream
Defecation the elimination of indigestible materials and waste from the body
Ingestion the process of taking food into the digestive tract
Propulsion the process of moving food through the alimentary canal (swallowing)
Chemical Digestion the catabolic process in which large food molecules are broken down into smaller molecules by enzymatic hydrolysis
Mechanical Digestion the physical preparation of food for chemical digestion; chewing; mastication: the mixing of food with saliva by the tongue, churning and mixing of food in stomach, and segmentation in the intestines
Saliva Begins chemical digestion in the mouth
Gingivitis inflammation of the gums
Pyorrhea inflammation of tooth sockets
Gastritis inflammation of the lining of the stomach
Stomatitis inflammation of the lining of the mouth
Hepatitis inflammation of the liver
Cholecystitis inflammation of the gall bladder
Pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
Appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
Cholelithiasis the presence of stones in the gall bladder
Cirrhosis a chronic disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue
Mumps a viral infection of the salivary glands
Flatulence excessive amount of gas in the stomach or intestine
Nausea stomach distress with an urge to vomit
Heartburn a burning sensation in the anterior part of the stomach
Ulcer an area of the lining of the stomach or small intestine in which the tissues are gradually disintegrating
Vomiting reverse peristalsis causing ejection of the stomach contents through the mouth (throwing up)
Constipation abnormal delay in, or infrequent bowel movement
Diarrhea abnormally frequent, watery bowel movements
Esophagus tube connecting the pharynx and stomach
Appendix a small, blind tube extending from the large intestine at the junction of the small and large intestines. Its function is not understood
Stomach receives swallowed food, secretes gastric juices, mixes food with gastric juices, and absorbs some drugs, water, and alcohol
Small Intestine completes the digestion of food begun in the stomach; the end products of digestion are absorbed into the blood and lymph
Large Intestine absorbs water and eliminates waste products of digestion through the anus
Liver secretes bile and forms antibodies
Gall Bladder stores and concentrates bile; ejects bile into the duodenum as needed during digestion
Mouth The functions are speech and the reception of food and preparation of it for digestion
Created by: csavony