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Emergency Care 12th

Chap 3 Lifting and Moving Patients

BOdy Mechanics refers to the proper use of the body when lifting and moving a patient to prevent injury
Power lift or squat lift position A lift from a squatting position with weight to be lifted close to the body, feet apart and flat on the ground, body weight on or just behind the ball so your feet, and the back locke din. The upper body is raised before the hips.
Power grip gripping with as much hand surface as possible in contact with the object being lifted all fingers bent at the same angle, and hands at lest 10 inches apart.
When do we use emergency moves? When the scene is hazardous. When you have to reach a patient give them CPR and control severe bleeding. Or when needing to reach patients in worse condition.
Who calls when to move the patient The person located at the patients head.
What are ways to emergency move patients when you are the only EMT on the scene. Clothing drag, incline drag, shoulder drag, foot drag, Firefighter drag, blanket drag, one rescuer assist, cradle carry, pack strap carry, firefighters carry, piggy back carry.
What is an urgent move? Urgent moves are required wen the patient must be moved quickly for treatment of an immediate threat to life unlike emergency moves, urgent moves are preformed with precautions for spinal injury.
What is a non urgent move? When there is no immediate threat to life
what are non urgent moves? they should be carried out in such away that there is no additional injury or discomfort. Things such as splinting should be completed before transporting.
what is a Wheeled Stretcher (or stretcher, cot or litter) for? used to transport patients
what is a Power stretcher? A stretcher that has hydrolics
what is a Scoop Stretcher? It is a stretcher that comes apart so that you can slide both sides under a patient and then snap the board together. This is commonly used for pelvis fractures.
What is a basket stretcher? It is used to carry a patient over rough terrain or up steep inclines and is used on helicopter lifts.
What is a flexible stretcher? Anything that allows maximum movement in very small places.
What is a stair chair? It is a chair used when needing to take a patient down the steps.
What is the best piece of equipment to use when you need to carry a patient down the steps? Stair chair
Bariatric obese and severely overweight patients.
What are spine boards or backboards? These are for patients who need to be immobilized.
What types of spine board are there? Short and long
When is a Short spine board used? normally when taking a patient out of a vehicle
What has taken place of a short spine board a vest type extraction
can you use the scoope board on patients that might have a spinal injury? no, because they do not have support under the spine.
What is a vacuum board? I tis a device that a patient is put on and then the air is pumped out of it making the mattress ridged and comforting
A person with suspected spine injury should have what doen before being moved? the head neck and spine should be immobilized.
Patients with no spinal injury can be moved to a stretcher in the following ways: extremity lift, direct ground lift, draw sheet method
What is an extremity lift? a method of lifting and carrying a patient. one rescuer slips hands under the patients armpits and grasps the patient's wrist while another rescuer grasp the patient's knees
what is a direct ground lift? a method of lifting and carrying a patient from ground level to stretcher. two or more rescuers kneel, curl the patients their chest, stand, the reverse the process to lower the patient to the stretcher.
What is a direct carry? Moving patient from bed to stretcher. two or more rescuers curl the patient to their chest then reverse the method to lower the patient to the stretcher.
What Is the draw sheet method? loosen the bottom sheet of the bed and roll it from both sides toward the patient. Place the stretcher, rails lowered parallel to the bed and touching the side of the bed. EMT's use their bodies and feet to lock the stretcher against the bed.
Created by: LacyJay87