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Unit 2 Lesson 2-3

World History: Prehistory and Early Humans

TermDefinition
historian social scientist who specializes in events and accounts (and the time in between)
archaeologist social scientist who specializes in prehistoric artifacts and fossils
anthropologist social scientist who specializes in cultural traits (some study prehistory, while others look for modern clues)
Prehistoric Any time before there was recorded history
Stone Age Time period focused on why hominids used stone tools for the first time
absolute dating A way to determine how old something is (by measuring the amount of carbon)
relative dating A way to determine how old something is based on the rocks and other fossils found around an artifact (deeper layers: the assumption is that the object is older, but there are some exceptions)
topographic a map that shows elevation (usually with contour lines)
hominid humans and their closest relatives
flutings finger shaped marks found in the clay of Chauvet Cave in France
women and children based on finger size, these are the people that made the marks in the Chauvet Cave in France
Homo Neandertalensis AKA Neanderthal, this large-brained individual came before modern Homo Sapiens
Homo Sapiens Modern man
Homo Erectus Human ancestor to walk upright, and made a hand axe on his/her way out of Africa
bipedal walking upright on two feet
Ardipithecus Ramidus AKA Ardi early human ancestor that used all 4 limbs in the trees, and 2 feet on the ground (4.4 million years ago)
human evolution the evidence-based, scientific understanding of the origin and development of humanity
200,000 years ago This is when modern humans were in existence
cave paintings could be an early form of written language: it is hard to tell if these were used to tell stories, teach about religion, make maps, art, or just to doodle
Ethiopia (in Africa) Where Ardi's fragile skeleton was found
claim a theory that a historian, archaeologist, or anthropologist might have about the evidence they have to look at
Created by: johnbacolor
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