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Major Forms of Gov.

6th Grade Bailey

TermDefinition
Anarchy A condition or political disorder brought about by the absense of govermental authority
Autocracy A country ruled by a person, an autocrat, with absolute, unlimited power
Communism A single party holds the power and dominates all aspects of life ina a country; the government owns large industries, businesses, and most of the land
Republic A representative democracy where people elect representatives to exercise power for them
Islamic Republic A republic government based on the laws of Islam
Federal Republic A country in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the states, colonies or provinces have some self-government; ultimate power rests with voters who choose their governmental representatives
Theocracy A form of government in which a Deity (God) is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, but the Deity's laws are interpreted by religious authorities (Bishops)
Democracy A form of government in which the citizens elect leaders and rule by majority
Democratic Republic A country in which the supreme power is held by the citizens who are entitled to vote for representatives responsible to them
Constitutional Democracy A country in which the sovereign power of the people is spelled out in a governing constitiution
Parliamentary Democracy A president or prime minister is the head of state, but the people elect the members of Parliament
Monarchy (Absolute Monarchy) A government in which the supreme power is in the hands of a monarch (king, queen) who rules over a state or territory, usually for life, and by hereditary right
Parliamentary Monarchy A country headed by a monarch where actual power rests in a legislative body called the parliament
Constitutional Monarchy A system of government in which a monarch (king or queen) is strictly limited by a constitiution and most of the government powers belong to elected officials
Oligarchy Government by the few, sometimes a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes
Dictatorship Form of government in which a ruler has absolute power; the citizens do not have the right to choose their own leaders
Sultanate Similar to a monarchy, but a government in which the supreme power is in the hands of a sultan (head of an Islamic country)
Totalitarian A government that controls the country without opposition; a government has control of all aspects of life
Created by: efanning84