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Bone Vocab

Bone Vocab - Mrs. Jensen - A&P - Chapter 6

QuestionAnswer
osteoclast large cells that resorb or break down bone matrix
cancellous bone spongy bone composed of trabeculae or open space; can be filled with yellow or red marrow
lamella a layer, such as of bone matrix in Haversian systems of compact bone
epiphysis the end of a long bone, attached to the shaft
trabecula needle-like or flat pieces of bone
periosteum double-layered connective tissue that covers and nourishes the bone
lacunae little depression or space; the lacunae of bone or cartilage; occupied by cells
foramen hole or opening in a bone or between body cavities
achondroplasia a congenital condition involving defective cartilage growth and a deficient ability to form endochondral bones; results in dwarfism
bony spur abnormal projection from a bone due to bone overgrowth; common in aging bones
osteitis inflammation of bony tissue
osteomyelitis inflammation of bone cause by pus-forming bacteria that enter the body via a wound
osteosarcoma a form of bone cancer typically arising in a long bone of a limb and most often in those between 10-25 years; aggressive growth
pathologic fracture fracture ocurring in a diseased bone and involving slight or no physical trauma
traction placing sustained tension on a body region to keep the parts of a fractured bone in proper alignment; also keeps the bone in proper alignment and immobilized
Created by: quark10