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chapter 9

urinary system

Ablation Describes some types of treatment for prostate cancer, it is the removal of a body part or the destruction of it’s function by surgery, hormones, drugs, heat, chemicals, electrocautery, or other methods.
Anuria Absence of urine formation by the kidneys
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy Abnormal enlargement of the prostate gland that occurs most often in men over the age of 50 and makes urination difficult.
Cysitis Inflammation of the bladder
Cystocele Hernia of the bladder through the vaginal wall
Dialysis Procedure to remove waste products from the blood of a patient whose kidneys no longer function
Diuresis Increased output of urine
Epispadias Congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In the male with epispadias, the urethral opening is located on the upper surface of the penis. In the female with epispadias, the urethral opening is in the region of the clitoris.
hemodialysis Process by which waste products are filtered directly from the patient’s blood
HydronEphorsis the swelling of one or both kidneys caused by problems associated with the backing up of urine due to an obstruction such as a stricture in the ureter or blockage in the opening from the bladder to the urethra
Hydroureter The distention of the ureter with urine that cannot flow because the ureter is blocked
Hypospadias Is a congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In a male it is UNDER the surface of the penis. In a female, the urethral opening is INTO the vagina
Interstital Cysitis Chronic inflammation of the walls of the bladder, symptoms of this condition are similar to those of cystitis, however, they do not respond to traditional treatment.
Lithotomy Surgical incision for the removal of a stone from the bladder
NephreCtasis Distention of the pelvis of the kidney
Nephropathy Meaning any disease of the kidney both degenerative or inflammatory conditions.
Nephrostomy Establishment of an opening from the pelvis of the kidney to the exterior of the body. In a kidney affected by hydronephorsis, this allows bypassing of the ureter because the urine form the kidney is drained directly through the back
Neurogenic Bladder Urinary problem caused by interference with the normal nerve pathways associated with urination
Nocturia Is excessive urination during the night
Nocturnal Enuresis Urinary incontinence during sleep Aka… Bed wetting
Oliguria Means scanty urination, opposite of polyuria
Peritoneal Dialysis The lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as a filter to remove waste from the blood The dialysate solution flows into the peritoneal cavity & the fluid is exchanged through a catheter implanted in the abdominal wall
Polyuria Means excessive urination
prostatism Condition of having symptoms resulting from compression or obstruction of the urethra due to benign prostatic hypertrophy. This can produce difficulties with urination and with urinary retention.
Pyelotomy Surgical incision into the renal pelvis performed to correct an obstruction of the junction between the renal pelvis and the ureter.
Uremia Toxic condition resulting from renal failure in which kidney function is compromised and urea is retained in the blood
Uretheritis Inflammation of the urethera
Urethorrhagia Discharge of blood from the ureter
Urethrostomy Surgical creation of a permanent opening between the urethra and the skin
Wilm’s Tumor Malignant tumor of the kidney that occurs in young children. There is a high cure rate for this condition when treated properly
Created by: wood33971