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Stack #173189

Hematology Definitions

Excessive number of WBCs Leukocytosis
Indicates low level of WBCs Leukopenia
Clumping of RBCs Agglutination
Specialist in blood formation and function Hematologist
Red bone marrow Myeloid tissue
RBC formation Erythropoiesis
Condition of reduced or low hemoglobin; decreased oxygen carrying capasity Anemia
Percentage of whole blood occupied by cellular elements Hematocrit
Gives RBCs red color; transports oxygen and carbon dioxide Hemoglobin
Produces all blood cells Stem cells
Base framework of a blood clot Fibrin
Most abundent plasma protein Albumin
Procedure to collect fresh whole blood from a vein Venipuncture
Seperated Fractionated
Cell fragments; small membrane enclosed packets of cytoplasm that contain enzymes and blood clotting factors Platelet
Cell involved in the bodies defense Leukocyte
Most abundant blood cell Erythrocyte
Blood cells and fragments that are suspended in plasma Formed elements
Substance capable of inducing the production of antibodies Antigen
Liquid part of blood Plasma
Blockage of a vessel by a blood clot Embolism
To make or manufacture Synthesis
Blood clotting Coagulation
High platelet count Thrombocytosis
Platelet Thrombocyte
Giant cells that shed platelets Megakaryocytes
Cancer of blood and blood forming tissues Leukemia
Main cell of the lymphatic system Lymphocyte
Poison Toxin
Bacteria or virus that causes disease Pathogen
Immature RBCs Erythroblasts
Plasma protein that includes antibodies and transport proteins Globulin
Plasma minus clotting factor Serum
Antibody Agglutinins
Surface antigen of RBCs whose presence determines blood type Agglutinogens
Rutpure of blood cells Hemolyze
Type of stem cell Hemocytoblasts
When an antibody meets its specific antigen Cross-reaction
Lymphocyte production Lymphopoiesis
Low platelet count Thrombocytopenia
Process that prevents loss of blood Hemostasis
Dissolving of a blood clot Fibrinolysis
Drifting blood clot Embolus
Attack foreign proteins and pathogens Antibodies
Plasma protein that helps clotting Fibrinogen
Production of formed elements Hemopoiesis
Adolesent RBCs Reticulocyte
4 Functions of blood Carry Nutrients & Oxygen,Carry Hormones,Regulate Acid-base balance,Procted against infection
6 Substances in plasma water, plasma proteins, nutrients, electrolytes, hormones- vitamins & enzymes, metabolic waste products
3 proteins found in plasma fibrinogen, albumin, globulin
Globulin which helps blood to coagulate prothrombin
1 pint of blood equals 500cc
Oxygen chemically combined with hemoglobin oxyhemoglobin
RBC that contains no nucleus erythrocyte
2 major groups of leukocytes granulocytes, agranulocytes
3 types of granulocytes neutophils, eosinophils, basophils
2 types of agranulocytes lymphocytes, monocytes
2 types of lymphocytes B-lymphocytes, T-lymphocytes
Occurs when tissue is subjected to chemical or physical trauma inflammation
Symptoms of inflammation redness, local heat, swelling, pain
Cream-colored liquid in inflammation pus
pus-filled cavity below the epidermis abscess
Steps to blood clotting process serotonin, thromboplastin, prothromboplastin, thrombin, fibrinogen, fibrin, clot
4 blood types A, B, AB, O
Universal donor O-
Universal recipient AB+
Deficiency of adequate amounts of iron Iron-deficiency anemia
Deficiency of vitamin B12 Pernicious anemia
Disease caused by the suppression of bone marrow Aplastic anemia
Chronic blood disease inherited from both parents Sickle cell anemia
Blood disease caused by a defect in hemoglobin formation Cooley's anemia
Condition in which too many red blood cells are formed Polycythemia
Localized clotted mass of blood found in an organ, tissue, or space hematoma
Disease in which the blood clots slowly hemophilia
Presence of pathocenic organisms or toxins in the blood Septicemia
Created by: msbehave