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Common Foot Disorder

TermDefinition
Athlete's food A common fungal infection of the skin and nails which usually results in itching, scaling, redness and the formation of small blisters
Blisters Painful, fluid-filled lesions often often caused by friction and pressure from ill-fitting shoes, stiff shoes, wrinkled socks against the skin, excessive moisture or foot deformities.
Bunions An enlargement at the base of the big toe caused by a misalignment of the joint. it may be swollen, tender and painful. Bunions can caused by heredity, biomechanical deformities, neuromuscular disorders, arthritis, trauma or congenital deformities.
Callous A buildup of the skin that forms at the points of pressure or over bony prominence, calluses form on the bottom and sides of the foot.
Corns Corns form on the top of the foot and between the toes. They are often caused by repeating friction and pressure from skin rubbing against bony areas or against an irregularity in a shoe.
Hammertoes A contraction deformity, resulting in bony prominence on the toes. Causes can include heredity, ill-fitting shoes, muscle imbalance or arthritis.
Ingrown Nail A painful condition caused by the nail growing into the surrounding skin, leading to inflammation and possible infection of the toe.
Nail Fungus A vegetable parasite, it appears as discoloration of the free edge. As it grows it will move towards the cuticle and get darker in colour.
Neuroma Referred to as a pinched nerve,swollen nerve, nerve tumor,this painful condition is a benign growth of nerve tissue frequently found between the third and fourth toes. Result in pain,burning,tingling or numbness between the toes and the ball of the foot
Warts A growth in the skin caused by a viral infection,warts tend to be hard and flat with elevated rough surfaces with or without well defined boundaries.Left untreated warts can grow and spread into clusters.
Heel Pain An inflammation of the long band of connective tissue that runs from the heel to the ball of the foot(plantarfascia). causes included over-stretching the long band, muscle imbalance, bone deformity, obesity, trauma or tightness of the muscle at back ofleg
Heel spur A bony overgrowth on the heel bone. heel spurs cause pain in the bottom of the foot and arch. this condition is the results of long-term chronic plantar fascitis; caused by falling arches.
Created by: mackenziemarie21