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Unit 2C

Endocrine System

Pituitary Gland (or Hypophysis) hangs by a stalk from which part of the brain ? Hypothalamus
What are the 2 Parts of the Pituitary Gland ? Posterior pituitary and Anterior pituitary gland
Which Pituitary Gland appears fibrous ? Posterior Pituitary gland
Which Pituitary Gland appears glandular ? Anterior Pituitary gland
How many hormones are produced by neurons in the Post Pit gland ? and what are they ? 2 hormones, Antidiuretic Hormone(ADH) & Oxytocin
ADH is STORED in, and RELEASED from the _________ in response to neutral stimulation from the _________ via hypo-thala-mo-hypo-physeal system Posterior Pit gland, Hypothalamus
The Anterior pituitary gland develops from _______ that pinches off from the roof of the______ mouth epithelial tissue, embryos
The Anterior pituitary gland secretes 7 hormones what are they ? Growth Hormone (GTH) Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) Luteinizing hormone (LH) Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Prolactin (PRL) Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
Gland that is shaped like a bow tie or shield and lies just below the adams apple in the front of the neck ? Thyroid gland
the thyroid gland releases _______ which helps set the basal metabolic rate by stimulating the rate of cellular respiration . Thyroxin
in children Thyroid hormones also promote ______ and stimulate maturation of the _____. growth, CNS
the 4 small glands that are attached to the posterior surface of the thyroid gland are called ? Parathyroid glands
Parathyroid glands produce a hormone that is very important and what is it involved in ? Parathyroid homone (PTH) , involved in calcium homeostasis
which gland is located above each kidney ? Adrenal gland
The each adrenal gland is composed of inner portion ( _________ ) and outer layer (_________ ) Adrenal medulla , Adrenal Cortex
The adrenal cortex has hormones that are collectively referred as ? Corticosteroids
The adrenal medulla secretes _______ and _______ in response to the ANS. Epinephrine , Norepinephrine
The pancreas is located adjacent to the stomach and is connected to the ___________ by the pancreatic duct. Duodenum
Secretes inulin and a variety of digestive _________ into small intestines. enzymes
which organs produce Androgen ? ovaries and testes (male)
the ovaries and testes are associated with what structures ? secondary sexual
the pineal gland secretes what ? melatonin
the pineal gland regulates the ? biological clock (sleep and wake )
Endocrine disrupting chemicals are ? chemicals that interfere with hormone function
any chemical that can bind to receptor proteins and mimic the effects the hormone is called ? Hormone Agonist
any chemical that can bind to receptor proteins and BLOCKS the hormone from binding is called ? Hormone Antagonist
what chemical does the body interpret as estrogen ? and causes an increase in female characteristics like gynecomastia (man boobs) and reduces sperm count. Chlorine
Created by: osabdelr