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Bones and Movement

Miscellaneous Bones and Movement

TermDefinition
Frontal (Coronal) Plane divides body vertically into the front and back
Sagittal Plane divides body vertically into left and right sides
Transverse Plane divides body horizontally into upper and lower portions
Anterior front or ventral part of body
Posterior back or dorsal part of body
Medial midline of body
inferior or caudal below another structure (towards the tail)
superior or cephalic above another strucutre (towards the head)
medial near the medial plane of the body
lateral side
distal away from point of attachment or beginning of a structure
proximal close to the point of attachment or beginning of a structure
superficial on the surface
deep away from the surface
peripheral at or towards the surface of the body
adduction movement toward the midline of the body
abduction movement away from the midline of the body
extension straightening or stretching of the body
flexion bending the body
medial rotation rotation inward towards the body
lateral rotation rotation outward from the body
supination (hand and forearm) turning the hand so the palm is upwards
pronation turning the hand back so that the palm is downwards
erect standing position
supine lying down flat on back
prone lying face down flat on stomach
laterally recumbant lying down on right or left side
semi-prone lying on left or right side and chest with arm along back and opposite leg drawn up
semi-Fowler's position lying on back with trunk and legs slightly elevated
long bones lower leg, thigh, lower arm, upper arm
short bones ankle, wrist
flat ribs, pelvis, shoulder
sesamoid kneecap
cranial bones frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal, sphenoid, ethmoid
facial bones lacrimal, zygomatic, nasal, vomer, maxillary, mandibular
cervical vertebrae C1-C7, 7 bones, form neck bone, donot connect to ribs
thoracic vertebrae T1-T12, 12 bones, connect to 12 pairs of ribs
lumbar vertebrae L1-L5, 5 bones, strongest and largest spinal bones
sacrum slightly curved, triangular shaped
coccyx tailbone
pelvic bones ilium, ischium, pubis
upper arm bone humerus
elbow bone olecranon
medial lower arm bone ulna
lateral lower arm bone (on line with thumb) radius
wrist bones carpals
five bones radiating to the finger (hand bones) metacarpals
finger bones phalanges
upper leg/thigh bone femur
kneecap patella
largest lower leg bone tibia
smaller lower leg bone fibula
ankle bones tarsals
bones radiating to the toes (foot bones) metatarsals
toe bones phalanges
Created by: tobi