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Anatomy

Introduction to Human Body

TermDefinition
Supine Horizontal; lying on back
prone Horizontal; lying on stomach
directional inferior (below)
proximal closer distal; away
Deep farther from surface of body
Superficial closer to surface of body
Distal farther from point of attachment of limb of the trunk
Proximal closer/nearer from point of attachment of limb of trunk
Contralateral Opposite side of the body
Ipsilateral same side of body
Intermediate Between 2 structures
Lateral farther away from midline
Medial closer to midline of body
Posterior (Dorsal) close to back of body
Anterior (Ventral) close to front of body
Inferior below
Superior above
arm located between the shoulders and elbows
forarm located from the elbow to wrist
thigh located between the groin and knee
leg located between knee and ankle
chest area of the trunk between the neck and diaphragm [contains hear and lungs]
abdomen area of the trunk and between the diaphragm and hip bones [contains the digestive organs]
pelvis area of the trunk below the hip bones [contains internal reproductive organs and urinary bladder]
groin area on the anterior surface marked by a crease where the lower limb attaches to the pelvis
Thoracic cavity space enclosed by the ribs, sternum, and vertebral column contains 3 small cavities: pericardial cavity(surrounds the heart), and 2 pleural cavities(contains the lung)
mediastinum :central area within the thoracic cavity (extends from the neck to diaphragm and from sternum to the vertebral column) organs located are: heart, thymus gland, esophagus, trachea, blood vessles, bronchi pleural cavities located on each side of medias.
diaphragm separates the thoracic from the abdominal cavity
abdominopelvic consists of 2 cont. cavities: abdominal and pelvic cavity
abdominal superior portion located between the diaphragm and the brim of pelvis.
PERITONEAL cavity (abdominal) Contains: stomach, liver, pancreas, speen, small intestines, kidneys, appendex, and part of large intestine.
Retroperitoneal cavity(abdomninal) located posterior to peritoneum contains: pancrease, kidneys, adrenal glands, and portions of the large intestines, small intestine, aorta, and inferior vena cava
Pelvic cavity inferior portion of the abdomino pelvic cavity contains: part of large intestine, rectum, urinary bladder, female and male reproductive organs
AXIAL central part of the body, the head and trunk
APPENDICULAR extremities or limbs
Cephalic (se-FAL-ik) head
Cranial portion of the skull surrounding the brain
Acromial highest point of the shoulder
Facial face
Axillary (AX-il-ary) armpit
Frontal forehead
Brachial (BRAY-key-ul) arm
Orbital eye
Antecubital (an-teh-KYOO-bi-tul) anterior surface of the elbow
Otic (OH-tik) ear
Olecranal (oh-LEK-ra-nul) posterior surface of the elbow
Nasal nose
Antebrachial forearm
Buccal (BUCK-al) cheek
Carpal wrist
Oral mouth
Manual hand
Mental chin
Palmar palm of the hand
Occipital (ox-SIP-i-tal) back of the head
Digital digits (fingers)
Cervical neck
thoracic chest
sternal breast bone
pectoral chest
mammary breast
abdominal abdomen
umbilical navel
coxal hip
pelvic pelvis
pubic genital area
dorsal back
scapular shoulder blade region
lumbar area of the back between the lowest rib and buttocks
digital digits (toes)
calcaneal heel
plantar sole of foot
pedal foot
tarsal ankle
sural posterior surface of the leg
fibular lateral side of the leg
crural anterior surface of the leg
popliteal posterior surface of the knee
patellar anterior surface of the knee
femoral thigh
gluteal buttocks
inguinal groin where the thigh attaches to the pelvis
Created by: geirey17
 

 



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