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Med Term Resp Chpt 7

Med Term Resp Chpt7

Organs of the Respiratory System Nose, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi, Lungs—alveoli
Bronch/o Bronchial tube, Bronchus
Bronch/i Bronchial tube, Bronchus
Laryng/o Larynx, Throat
Nas/o Nose
Ox/i Oxygen
Ox/o Oxygen
Ox/y Oxygen
Pharyng/o Throat, Pharynx
Phon/o Sound, Voice
Pleur/o Pleura, Side of the body
-pnea Breathing
Pneum/o Lung, Air
Pneumon/o Lung, Air
Pneu- Lung, Air
Sinus/o Sinus
Somn/o Sleep
Spir/o Breathe
Thorac/o Chest, Pleural cavity
-thorax Chest, Pleural cavity
Trache/o Windpipe
Trachea Windpipe
Function of the respiratory system Inhale and deliver O2 to lungs to body cells and expel CO2 and a bit of H2O when expelled by the body thru blood and then lungs. Produce airflow through Larynx for speech
Upper respiratory tract Nose, mouth, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx and trahea
Lower Respiratory tract Bronchial tree and lungs
Bronchial tree and lungs are located within Thoracic cavity
Bronchial tree and lungs are located within aka Thorax
Thorax Ribcage
Nasal septum wall of cartilage divides nose into 2 sections
Septum wall that separates 2 chamber
Cila thin small hairs inside nostril that filter air to remove debris
Nostril External opening of nose
Mucous membranes Line the nose
Mucus Slippery secretion produced by mucous membrane to protect and lubricate tissue.
In the nose mucus moisten, warm and filter air as it enters
Mucous is the name of the tissue
Mucus is the secretion that flows from the tissue
olfactory receptors nerve endings that act like receptors for smell, important to taste
olfactory receptors are located in mucous membrane in the upper part of the nasal cavity
Tonsils & adenoids are part of the Lymphatic system
Lymphatic system protects body from infection from nose or mouth
Tonsils aka palatine tonsils located in the back of the mouth
Adenoids aka nasopharyngeal tonsils located higher up behind nose and roof of mouth
palatine tonsils are air filled cavities lined with mucous membrane
palatine tonsils is located in the bones of the skull
Para- near
-al pertaining to
A sinus can be a sac or cavity in an organ or tissue
Frontal sinuses location front bone over eyebrow
Frontal sinuses infection can cause pain in located area
Sphenoid sinuses location sphenoid bone behind eyes under pituitary gland near optic nerve
Sphenoid sinuses infection damage vision
Maxillary sinuses location maxillary bone under eye
Maxillary sinuses is the largest of the paranasal sinuses
Maxillary sinuses infection pain in the posterior maxillary teeth
Ethmoid sinuses location Ethmoid bones between nose and eyes, are irregular shaped air cells that are separated from the orbital cavity by only a thin layer of bone
Pharynx aka throat
Created by: 1815104090



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