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Ap Euro Absolutism

TermDefinition
absolutism Derived from the traditional assumption of power and the belief in "divine right of kings
Jean Bodin Among the first to provide a theoretical basis for absolute states
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan pessimistic view of human beings in a state of nature
Bishop Bossuet principal advocate of "divine right of kings" in France during the reign of Louis XIV
“divine right” of kings meant that the king was placed on the throne by God, the therefore owned his authority to no man or group
First Estate clergy:1% of population
Second Estate nobility; 3/4 % of population
Third Estate bourgeoisie;(middle class)
Henry IV Laid the foundation for france becoming the strongest european power in the 17th Century
Bourbon dynasty Henry IV was the first King of the Borbon Dynasty
nobility of the sword not allowed to influence the royal council
nobility of the robe new nobles who purchased their titles from the monarchy
Duke of Sully 1560-1641,finance minister
Louis XIII as a youth, his regency was best by corruption and mismanegment
Cardinal Richelieu laid foundation for absolutism in France
politique placed political issues ahead of religious issues
Intendant system used to weaken the nobility
Louis XIV, “Sun King” quintessential ruler in European History
“L’ état, c’est moi” "I am the state" -Louis XIV, "Sun King"
Fronde a revolt from the nobles
Cardinal Mazarin controlled france while Louis XIV was a child
corvee forced labor that required peasants to work for a month out of the year on roads and other public projects
Versailles Palace became the grandest and most impressive palace in all of Europe
Edict of Fontainebleau revoked Edict of Nantes
Jansenists Catholics who held some calvanest ideas
mercantilism state control over a countries economy in order to achieve a favorable balance of trade with other countries
bullionism a nation's policy of accumulating as much precious metal as possible while preventing its outward flow to other countries
Jean-Baptiste Colbert French mercantilism reached it's height with him
balance of power no one country will be allowed to dominate the continent
War of the League of Augsburg in response to another invasion of the Spanish Netherlands by Louis XIV in 1683
War of Spanish Succession Cause:The will of Charles II(Habsburg King)gave all spanish territories to the grandson of Louis XIV
Treaty of Utrecht Most important treaty between the Treaty of Westphalia and the Treaty of Paris
Philip II king of spain
Escorial Palace built in order to demonstrate Philip's power
“price revolution” hurt domestic industries that were unable to export goods
Spanish Armada seen by some historians as the beginning of the decline of the Spanish Empire
Treaty of the Pyrenees, 1659 marked the end of spain as a great power
Baroque reflected the age of absolutism
Bernini personified baroque architecture and sculpture
Versailles Palace built during the reign of Louis XIV in the quintessential baroque structure
Schönbrunn Habsburg Emperor Leopold I built in Austria in response to the Versailles Palace
Winter Palace Peter the Great in Russia built this in St.Petersburg largely on the influence of Versailles
Caravaggio, tenebrism Italian Painter in Rome
Peter Paul Rubens Flemish Painter
Diego Velázquez perhaps the greatest court painter of the era
Artemisia Gentileschi famous for vivid depictions of dramatic scenes and her "Judith" Paintings
Dutch Style did not fit the baroque style of trying to overwhelm the viewer
Rembrandt van Rijin painter
Jan Vermeer paintings of ordinary people in simple scenes
French Classicism paintings rationally organized to achieve harmony and balance
Nicolas Poussin painter
Jean Baptiste Racine dramatist
Jean-Baptiste Moliere dramatist
J.S. Bach greatest of the Baroque composers
Created by: Jose_Martinez