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PSSA Reading - Gr. 4

PSSA Reading Vocabulary - Grade 4

one or more letters attached to the beginning or end of a word to create a different form of the word affix
a group of neighboring words that begin with the same sound alliteration
identifying they ways in which different things relate to one another analysis
one word that is the opposite of another word antonym
the author’s reason for writing (to inform or teach someone about something, to entertain people, or to persuade or convince their audience) author’s purpose
a judgment based on a personal point of view bias
the story of a person's life written by another person biography
an action or event that leads to an effect cause
something that happens as a result of an action, event, or cause effect
to tell how two or more things are alike compare
the ending of a story conclusion
a struggle between characters, forces, or emotions (also called the problem) conflict
vocabulary words that are important to a particular subject area content specific words
information from text that reveals the meaning of an unfamiliar word context clues
to tell how two or more things are different contrast
conversation between people in a story dialogue
to make distinctions between two or more things differentiate
a statement that stretches the truth exaggeration
a story that is not true; it is created in the author’s imagination fiction
language that cannot be taken literally because it was written to create a special feeling figurative language
the center of interest or attention focus
a type or category of literature genre
a word or phrase in bold print that show the text’s topic or theme heading
photographs, drawings, or maps within the text graphics
tables, graphs, lists, and other ways of showing data in the text charts
a conclusion based on facts, reasoning, and “reading between the lines” inference
a nonfiction text, written to share factual information informational text
tools used by the author to make the story interesting (such as dialogue, alliteration, etc.) literary devices
this type of text includes literary elements and devices normally found in fiction, but it tells about real people, places, or events literary nonfiction
the author’s most important point, usually found in the topic sentence main idea
words that can have several meanings, depending upon how they are used in a sentence multiple meaning words
a type of text that tells a story narrative
factual writing that explains, informs, or describes (rather than entertains) nonfiction
to restate something you read or hear by putting it in your own words paraphrase
giving human qualities, feelings, or actions to something that is not human personification
a story’s sequence of events plot
a group of letters placed at the beginning of a word to change its meaning prefix
a story’s time and place setting
comparing two unlike things by using the words “like” or “as” simile
a group of letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning suffix
to retell the most important parts of a text in a much shorter way, using your own words summarize
how an author writes, using language to interest the reader in his or her purpose style
one word that has the same meaning as another word synonym
words that students are expected to know target words
a major idea that is the topic of discussion or writing theme
Created by: jroeder
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