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Chapter 8 Questions

Describe how joints are classified. (270) classified by the type of tissue that binds the bones at each junction fibrous joints, cartilaginous joints, and synovial joints
Describe the six types of synovial joints, and name an example of each type. (274) ball and socket: shoulder, hip condylar: between phalanges plane: wrists and ankle hinge: elbow pivot: radius and ulna saddle: thumb
describe the movements permitted by each type of synovial joint (274) ball and socket: all planes, including rotation condylar: no rotation plane: sliding or twisting hinge: flexion and extension pivot: rotation saddle: variety in mainly two planes
rotation around an axis (twisting head side to side)
supination rotation of the forearm so the palm is upward
extension straightening the knee
eversion turning foot so plantar surface faces laterally
protraction moving the head forward
flexion bending the knee
pronation rotation of the forearm so the palm is downward
abduction moving a part up (moving arm up to make right angle with body) or spreading of fingers and toes
depression lowering a part or drooping the shoulders
adduction moving a part back towards midline (moving right angle back down) or moving the fingers and toes closer together
Name the parts that comprise the knee joint (284) test figure
Describe the major ligaments associated with the knee joint (285) test figure
Explain the function of the menisci of the knee (286) help align the femur and the tibia
Created by: wmisaacharris