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Tissue Review

TermDefinition
Cells Building blocks of all living things
Tissue Group of cells that are similar in structure and function
Epithelial Tissue Tissue that protects, absorbs, filters and secretes
Avascular No blood supply
Simple One layer of cells
Stratified More than one layer of cells
Squamous Flattened shape to cell
Cuboidal cube-shaped cells
Columnar column-shaped cells
Simple squamous Single layer of flat cells that line the lungs and capillaries. Usually used for exchanged between body and external environment
Simple Cuboidal Cells that form the walls of kidney tubules Function: protection, absorption and secretion
Simple Columnar Lines the digestive tract Contain goblet cells that produce mucus
Pseudostratified Epithelium Line the respiratory tract Contain cilia and used for absorption and secretion
Stratified Squamous Form Skin and esophagus Functions: protection
Transitional Epithelium Forms the urinary bladder and has the ability to stretch
Endocrine glands Ductless glands that secrete hormones and other substances into the body
Exocrine glands Empty substance through ducts in epithelial tissue Example: Sweat glands
Bone Used to protect and support the body Forms a very hard extra cellular matrix
Hyaline Cartilage Composed of collagen fibers Used for cushioning between joints, and make up fetal skeleton
Fibrocartilage High compressible cartilage Forms the vertebral disks that space bones in vertebral column
Tendon Dense connective tissue that attach muscle to bone
Ligament Dense connective tissue that attach bone to bone
Areolar Tissue Contains all fiber types Located directly underneath stratified squamous epithelium
Adipose Tissue Used for insulation and fuel storage Contains large lipid deposits
Reticular Tissue Connective tissue that makes up the supporting network of spleen, lymph nodes and bone marrow
Blood Liquid connective tissue used for transport
Skeletal muscle Striated, voluntary muscle Example: Bicep
Smooth Muscle Non-striated, involuntary muscle that makes up digestive tract
Cardiac muscle Striated, involuntary muscle that forms the heart
Neural tissue functions to send impulses to other areas of the body
Regeneration Replacement of destroyed tissue by the same kind of cells
Fibrosis repair by dense fibrous connective tissue (scar tissue)
Created by: mrichter
 

 



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