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Directional Terms

Anatomy directional terms

TermDefinition
SUPERIOR A PART THAT IS ABOVE ANOTHER PORTION; CLOSER TO THE HEAD
INFERIOR A PART THAT IS BELOW ANOTHER PORTION; CLOSER TO THE FEET
ANTERIOR TOWARD THE FRONT SURFACE
POSTERIOR TOWARD THE BACK
VENTRAL TOWARD THE FRONT
DORSAL TOWARD THE BACK
MEDIAL TOWARD OR NEARER THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY
LATERAL TOWARD OR NEARER THE SIDE OF THE BODY; AWAY FROM MIDLINE
PROXIMAL CLOSER TO THE PART OF ATTACHMENT; CLOSER TO THE TRUNK OF THE BODY
DISTAL A PART THAT IS FARTHER AWAY FROM A POINT OF ATTACHMENT.
SUPERFICIAL A PART THAT IS LOCATED ON OR NEAR THE SURFACE
DEEP A PART IS AWAY FROM THE SURFACE
SUPINE A POSITION OF LAYING FACE UP
PRONE A POSITION OF LAYING FACE DOWN
AFFERENT MOVING TOWARDS A STRUCTURE
EFFERENT MOVING AWAY FROM A STRUCTURE
SAGITTAL REFERS TO THE LENGTHWISE CUT THAT DIVIDES THE BODY INTO RIGHT AND LEFT PORTIONS
FRONTAL DIVIDES THE BODY INTO ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR PORTIONS
TRANSVERSE A CUT ACROSS THE BODY HORIZONTALLY TO DIVIDE IT INTO SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR PORTIONS
Created by: Mrs. Proffitt
 

 



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