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European History p1

European History

TermDefinition
Militarism building up huge armies to protect an empire
Alliances agreements made between countries for protection
Imperialism the time period in European history when Europe began colonizing Asia and Africa
Nationalism Extreme pride in one's country
Industrial Revolution the time period in European history when goods began being made by machines. The need for more raw materials led to imperialism
Primary Sources 1st hand information Ex. pictures,newspapers from the time period,letters
Secondary Sources 2nd hand information Ex. Textbooks, magazine articles,encyclopedias
Judaism this major religion is a monotheistic religion that began in Southeast Asia. The Old Testament including the Torah is the main holy book of the religion. Important figures of the religion include Abraham and Moses.
United Kingdom this country sent explorers like Henry Hudson to North America
Spain this country sent conquistadors like Cortes and Pizarro to the Central and South America for gold, glory, and God
France this country sent explorers like Samuel de Champion and Jacques Cartier to Canada to claim land and for furs
Portugal this country sent explorers around the tip of Africa to establish new trade routes to Asia as well as colonize Brazil
Christianity the people of this religion read both the Old and New Testaments. Jesus is the central figure in this religion. During the Middle Ages many cathedrals were built as places of worship for this religion.
Islam The people of this religion read the Koran. Its main figure is the prophet Muhammad. They also believe in the Five Pillars of Faith.
Joseph Stalin Provided stability in the government, electricity for the country, free education, and health- care for everyone. The country became an industrial country instead of an agriculture country. He also killed more Jews than Hitler. :(
Colonization taking over lands and creating permanent settlements on them
Monotheistic the belief in one god
Abraham father of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
Silk road The name of the dangerous land trade route from Europe and Asia
Prince Henry this monarch of Portugal who created a school of navigation, built ships called caravels, and paid for several voyages around Africa to find a new route to Asia
Christopher Columbus this explorer sailed for King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain. he sailed west hoping to find a route to Asia. he rediscovered the Americas ( Cuba, the Bahamas, and South America)
Archduke Ferdinand this man was assassinated by Serbia nationalists beginning World War 1
Created by: soccerforlife14