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Reverse Definitions-Infection Control

TermDefinition
Autoclave a device using steam for sterilization
antigen a pathogen or any other substance that induces an antibody response
antibody a protein specific to a certain antigen that weakens or destroys pathogens
nosocomial a hospital-related infection-one that is not present or incubating when the person is admitted
systemic infection that has spread to more than one region of the body
sharp any instrument with a sharp edge or point
topical applied to the skin or affected area
anaerobic bacteria that does not require oxygen to grow
aerobic bacteria that requires oxygen to grow
teragenic causing abnormalities in the fetus aka rubella
antiseptic a cleansing agent applied to living tissue to destroy infection
latent infection one in which the symptoms disappear and recur, while the disease causing agent remains in the body
nonpathogenic free of pathogens or disease
sterilant a substance that destroys or eliminates all forms of microbial life in an inanimate evironment
disinfectant chemical substance that destroys specific species of infections microorganisms. It is not usually effective against bacterial spores
infection a disease process that results from entry and spread of a microorganism
contagious/communicable a disease that is spread from person to person
immunity an individual's ability to fight off disease
active infection an infection in which signs and symptoms are present
otitis media infection of the middle ear
acute infection an infection that is limited in time
quarantine isolating or separating a client, care unit or facility due to infection
bactericidal killing microorganisms
local infection an infection that is confined to a specific region of the body
sanitization removal of contaminants and some microorganism from instruments, skin etc. Lowest level of medical hygiene
sterile methods to avoid contaminating sterile materials
pathogen microorganism that causes disease
disinfection a more thorough removal of contaminants than sterilization, the second level of medical hygiene
opportunistic infection infection that does not ordinarily cause disease but does so under certain circumstances or takes advantage of an opportunity
microorganisms an organism so small it can only bee seen under a microscope
remission a period in which chronic infection shows n symptoms
exacerbation a period in which a chronic infection shows symptoms
chronic infection an infection the persists over a long period of time, perhaps life
sanitizer a substance that significantly reduces the bacterial population in a inanimate environment but does not destroy all bacteria or organisms
bacteriostatic reducing or inhibiting the number of microorganisms
relapse the re-emergence of an initial infection after it appears it has been cured
reoccurrence a distinct episode of an infection after recovery from an initial infection, may not involve the same pathogens
immuglobulin a serum that contains antibodies that can help protect an exposed person from contracting the disease
asepsis a state in which pathogens are absent or reduced- two types of asepsis; medical and surgical
sterilization the process of destroying microorganisms, including bacteria endospores and viruses-the highest level of medical hygiene aka surgical asepsis
virulence the power of a microbe to produce a disease in a particular host.
contamination the presences of pathogens on an object
post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) treatment after exposure to a pathogen
asymptomatic without clinical signs or symptoms
Created by: amatt
 

 



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