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Chapter 5 Questions

QuestionAnswer
Describe three types of intercellular junctions. tight junctions (close space), desmosomes (bind cells by forming "spot welds"), and gap junctions (form tubular channels between cells)
Where is simple squamous epithelium found? air sacs of lungs
Where is simple cuboidal epithelium found? lining of kidney tubules
Where is simple columnar epithelium found? lining of intestines
Where is pseudostratified columnar epithelium found? lining of respiratory passages
Where is stratified squamous epithelium found? outer layer of skin
Where is stratified cuboidal epithelium found? linings of ducts of mammary glands
Where is stratified columnar epithelium found? part of male urethra
Where is transitional epithelium found? lining of urinary bladder
Where is glandular epithelium found? salivary glands
Describe how glands are classified according to the structure of their ducts and the organization of their cells. review pp. 159-160
A gland that secretes substances by exocytosis is a ___________ gland. merocrine
___________ are thick fibers that have great tensile strength and are flexible, but only slightly elastic. collagenous
Contrast dense regular and dense irregular connective tissues. DR: binds body parts such as tendons and ligaments DI: sustains tissue tension, found in dermis
Explain why injured dense regular connective tissue and cartilage are usually slow to heal. they have low blood supply
Name the major types of cartilage, and describe their differences and similarities. all provide support and protection HYALINE: provides framwork; f.i. ends of bones, nose, rings of resp. passages ELASTIC: provides elastic framework; f.i. ear, larynx FIBRO: absorbs shock; f.i. spinal col., knee, pelvic girdle
The fluid extracellular matrix of blood is called __________. plasma
Describe the sturcture of epithelial membranes in contrast to synovial membranes. epithelial line sufaces and cavities, synovial lies joints
Identify locations in the body of the four types of membranes. SEROUS: cavities that do not open to outside MUCOUS: cavities that do open to outside CUTANEOUS: skin SYNOVIAL: joints
Compare and contrast skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle tissues in terms of location, cell appearance, and control. review p. 174
Describe the general characteristics of nervous tissue. sensory reception and conduction of electrical impulses. f.i. brain, spinal chord
Distinguish between the functions of neurons and neuroglia. neurons are the basic cell of nervous system that sense changes and respond///neuroglia are cells that bind nervous tissue, carry on phagocytosis, connect neurons with blood vessels
Created by: wmisaacharris