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Body Planes

Medical Terminology-Body Planes

TermDefinition
Anatomy The study of the structures of the body.
Physiology The study of the functions of the body structures.
vertical plane An up-and-down line that is at a right angel to the horizon.
midsagittal plane (a vertical plane) Also known as midline, is the vertical plane that divided the body from top to bottom, into equal left and right halves.
sagittal plane (a vertical plane) Any vertical plane parallel to the midline that divides the body into unequal left and right portions.
coronal plane (a vertical plane) Also know as the frontal plane, which is any vertical plane that divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions.
horizontal or transverse plane A flat crosswise line like the horizon that divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions.
ventral Refers to the front or belly side of the body or organ.
anterior Situated in the front.
superior Uppermost, above, or toward the head.
cepahlic Toward the head.
proximal Situated nearest the midline or beginning of a body structure.
dorsal The direction toward or nearer the midline.
posterior Situated in the back.
inferior Lowermost, below, or toward the feet.
caudal Toward the lower part of the body.
distal Situated farthest from the midline or beginning of a body structure.
lateral The direction toward or nearer the side.
bilateral Relating to two sides or having two sides.
Created by: wthreadgill