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68C Medterm Ph.1 T.5

Medical Terminology Test 5 Blood, Cardiovascular, Lymphatic

QuestionAnswer
ABO Blood Groups a system of grouping blood based on the presence or absence of two antigens
Albumin small plasma proteins synthesized in the liver that are the primary components of osmotic pressure in the bloodstream
Agglutination the clumping of red blood cells surface following a transfusion reaction
Antibodies soluble, globular proteins that directly attack antigens, activate complement, or stimulate changes that prevent the spread of pathogens
Antigens a chemical compound attached to a cell surface which, if not recognized by the lymphatic system, elicits an immune response
Coagulation an effective hemostatic mechanism that causes blood clots through the use of clotting factors
Colloid Osmotic Pressure the pressure resulting from water moving toward an area of a higher concentration of a solute
Embolus a dislodged blood clot that is moving through the blood vessels
Erythrocytes biconcave disks, also known as red blood cells, used to transport gases
Erythropoietin a hormone that is secreted by the kidney and liver to control rate of erythrocyte production
Fibrin insoluble threads of protein that form a meshwork at sites of injury that entrap blood cells and platelets forming blood clots
Fibrinogen a large protein synthesized in the liver that functions in blood coagulation
Globulin three types of proteins synthesized in the liver and lymphatic tissue and are important in the transport of lipids and fat-solube vitamins and immunity
Hematocrit the percentage of formed elements in a volume of whole blood 1. erythrocytes 2. leukocytes 3. platelets
Hemoglobin oxygen carrying portion of the erythrocyte
Hemostasis the processes responsible for stopping blood loss when a blood vessel is damaged
Leukocytes five types of cells, also known as white blood cells, that protect against disease 1.neutrophils 2.eosinophils 3.basophils 4.monocytes 5.lymphocytes
Lipoprotein proteins that combine with lipids to allow transport of lipds through the bloodstream
Plasma clear, straw-colored liquid portion of whole blood which contains a complex mixture of chemicals water, amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins, hormones, electrolytes, waste
Rh Blood Group a system of grouping blood based on the presence of the Rh antigen
Thrombocytes cell fragments, as known as platelets that close breaks in damaged blood vessels and initiate the formation of blood clots
Thrombopoietin a hormone responsible for the initiation of the formation of thrombocytes
Thrombus a blood clot that abnormally forms in a blood vessel
Whole blood the combination of all fluid and components in the blood
Carbaminohemoglobin hemoglobin rich in CO2
Oxyhemoglobin hemoglobin rich in O2
Deoxyhemoglobin hemoglobin that is O2 depleted
Venipuncture the transcutaneous puncture of inserting a hollow-bore needle into the lumen of a vein to obtain a specimen of blood, start an IV infusion, or administer medication
Antecubital Fossa hollow or depressed area anterior to the bend of the elbow
Anticoagulant substance that prevents or delays clotting of the blood
Lymph specialized fluid formed in the tissue spaces that returns excess fluid and protein molecules to the blood
Lymphatic Capillaries microscopic, closed-ended tubes that extend into the interstital spaces and the lining of the small intestine which carry excess fluid and digested fats to the bloodstream
Lymphatic Pathways a network of vessels that transport a vast collection of cells and biochemicals
Lymph Nodes an organ consisting of a capsule of connective tissue divided into compartments that contact dense masses of lymphocytes and macrophages through which lymph circulates and are located along the lymphatic pathways
Spleen a bi-lobed organ, largest of the lymphatic organs, filters bacteria and old blood cells from the circulatory system
Thymus a bi-lobed organ composed of lymphatic tissue, encased in connective tissue, that releases thymosin which stimulates the maturation of T cells important in providing immunity.
Created by: ajwildasin30