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68C Ch.11 Ph.1 T.4

Jeopardy Review Questions

diabetes insipidus This is a condition resulting from hyposecretion of ADH in which large volumes of urine are formed
steroid hormones their receptors are located in the target cells' nucleus
FSH (Follicle stimulating hormone) stimulates the testes to grow and form sperm
Calcitonin this hormone decrease the concentration of calcium in blood, inhibits action of osteoclasts
hormones these are substances secreted by an endocrine gland and transported in the blood
prostaglandins they behave much like hormones but usually affect neighboring cells in tissue instead of traveling through the bloodstream to affect distant cells
LH (Luteinizing hormone) this is the ovulation hormone, testosterone production in males
insulin secreted by beta cells
target cell an organ or cell acted on by a particular hormone, receptors of which hormone attaches
pituitary gland secretions from this gland is controlled by releasing hormones of the hypothalamus
prolactin stimulates breast development necessary for eventual lactation (milk secretion)
Cushing's syndrome result of hypersecretion of glucocorticoids
nonsteroidal hormones communicators work according to the second messenger mechanism, water soluble hormone receptor on outer surface of membrane
hormone causes its target cell to react in particular ways
oxytocin stimulates contraction of smooth muscle of the pregnant uterus
acromegaly pituitary gland secretes too much growth hormone after the normal growth years
negative feedback physiological process, a gland is sensitive to the concentration of the substance
steroid hormones lipid soluble and pass through the cell membrane
pituitary gland oxytocin and ADH are produced in this structure
PTH (Parathyroid hormone) this hormone has the opposite effect of calcitonin
Tropic hormones hormones that act in other endocrine glands
antidiuretic causes kidney to return more water into the blood
thyroid hormone T3+T4 increase basal metabolic rate
glucocorticoids regulates metabolism and resistance to stress
epinephrine/norepinephrine intensify sympathetic responses that occur in other parts of the body
Created by: ajwildasin30