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Stufflet Unit 4 Euro

Unit 4 Euro

TermDefinition
Sovereignty having a monopoly of power over justice (laws) and force (army) within clearly defined state boundaries
James I wrote The Trew Law of Free Monarchy (1598)
divine right theory idea that the power of a king came from God
Richelieu Chief minister to King Louis XIII; sought subordination of aristocracy to king
Mazarin his attempts to raise revenue led to the Fronde
the Fronde noble revolts against Louis XIII and Mazarin
Louis XIV the "Sun King"; centralized French monarchy; built Versailles
Jean-Baptiste Colbert Minister of Finance under Louis XIV
War of Spanish Succession war in which Louis XIV tried to expand power; claimed Spanish throne for his grandson
Peace of Utrecht Louis' grandson becomes king of Spain; France loses North American territory
Long Parliament Enacted laws to limit the power of Charles I fro 1640-1660
The Commonwealth period in English history in which power was technically held by Parliament (b/c their forces had beheaded Charles)
Charles I English monarch beheaded by Parliamentary forces in 1649
Oliver Cromwell Parliamentary military leader during the period of the Commonwealth in England
The Glorious Revolution (1688-89) when English Protestants asked James II's Protestant daughter Mary to assume throne with her Dutch husband (William of Orange)
English Bill of Rights said Parliament would make laws; establish constitutional monarchy
Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690) govts are set up to protect life, liberty, property; All men have “natural rights” (given by God); If govt oversteps its function it’s tyranny; Then people have RIGHT to rebel
John Locke he wrote Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690)
Jacques Bossuet political theorist under Louis XIV who advocated for absolute monarchy
Hungary this nation consistently resisted Habsburg rule and won privileges in return for accepting Habsburgs
Peter the Great greatest of the Russian state-builders; utilized western technology and built a city that was called the "window to the west"
Frederick William I Prussian "Soldier King"; created militaristic society and strong, centralized bureaucracy
St Petersburg built starting in 1702; began as military fortress; became Russia's "window to the west"
Vienna Austrian city laid siege to by the Ottoman Turks in the 1690s
Pragmatic Sanction Charles VI’s attempt to guarantee that his daughter could inherit Habsburg lands without a challenge and KEEP THESE THREE TERRITORIES INTACT
Hapsburgs Austrian ruling dynasty
Hohenzollerns Prussian ruling dynasty
Romanovs Russian ruling dynasty
Created by: stufflsb