Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

125

Appendix A: Glossary of Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Forms - Q – Abbreviati

QuestionAnswer
a- without
ab- away from
abdomin/o abdomen
-ac pertaining to
acous/o hearing
acr/o extremity or topmost
-acusis hearing condition
ad- to, toward, or near
aden/o gland
adip/o fat
adren/o adrenal gland
adrenal/o adrenal gland
aer/o air or gas
-al pertaining to
albumin/o protein
-algia pain
alveol/o alveolus (air sac)
ambi- both
an- without
an/o anus
andr/o male
angi/o vessel
ankyl/o crooked or stiff
ante- before
anti- against or opposed to
aort/o aorta
appendic/o appendix
aque/o water
-ar pertaining to
-arche beginning
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
articul/o joint
-ary pertaining to
-ase an enzyme
-asthenia weakness
ather/o fatty paste
-ation process
atri/o atrium
audi/o hearing
aur/i ear
bacteri/o bacteria
balan/o glans penis
bi- two or both
bil/i bile
-blast germ or bud
blast/o germ or bud
blephar/o eyelid
brachi/o arm
brady- slow
bronch/o bronchus (airway)
bronchi/o bronchus (airway)
bronchiol/o bronchiole (little airway)
bucc/o cheek
capn/o carbon dioxide
carb/o carbon dioxide
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cata- down
-cele pouching or hernia
celi/o abdomen
-centesis puncture for aspiration
cephal/o head
cerebell/o cerebellum (little brain)
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of brain)
cerumin/o wax
cervic/o neck or cervix
cheil/o lip
chol/e bile
chondr/o cartilage (gristle)
chrom/o color
chromat/o color
chyl/o juice
circum- around
col/o colon
colon/o colon
0 0
0 colp/o
colp/o vagina (sheath)
con- together or with
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva (to join together)
contra- against or opposed to
corne/o cornea
coron/o circle or crown
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
crin/o to secrete
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cyst/o bladder or sac
cyt/o cell
dacry/o tear
dactyl/o digit (finger or toe)
de- from, down, or not
dent/i teeth
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
-desis binding
dextr/o right or on the right side
dia- across or through
diaphor/o profuse sweating
dips/o thirst
dis- separate from or apart
doch/o duct
duoden/o duodenum
-dynia pain
dys- painful, difficult, or faulty
-e noun marker
e- out or away
-eal pertaining to
ec- out or away
-ectasis expansion or dilation
ecto- outside
-ectomy excision (removal)
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood condition
en- within
encephal/o entire brain
endo- within
enter/o small intestine
epi- upon
epididym/o epididymis
episi/o vulva (covering)
erythr/o red
esophag/o esophagus
esthesi/o sensation
eu- good or normal
ex- out or away
exo- outside
extra- outside
fasci/o fascia (a band)
femor/o femur
fibr/o fiber
gangli/o ganglion (knot)
gastr/o stomach
-gen origin or production
gen/o origin or production
-genesis origin or production
gingiv/o gum
gli/o glue
glomerul/o glomerulus (small ball)
gloss/o tongue
glott/o opening
gluc/o sugar
glyc/o sugar
gnos/o knowing
-gram record
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
gynec/o woman
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
hemi- half
hepat/o liver
hepatic/o liver
herni/o hernia
hidr/o sweat
hist/o tissue
histi/o tissue
hormon/o hormone (an urging on)
hydr/o water
hyper- above or excessive
hypo- below or deficient
hypn/o sleep
hyster/o uterus
-ia condition of
-iasis formation of or presence of
-iatrics treatment
-iatry treatment
-ic pertaining to
-icle small
ile/o ileum
immun/o safe
infra- below or under
inguin/o groin
inter- between
intra- within
ir/o iris (colored circle)
irid/o iris (colored circle)
-ism condition of
iso- equal or like
-ist one who specializes in
-itis inflammation
-ium structure or tissue
P.775 0
0 jejun/o
jejun/o jejunum (empty)
kerat/o hard or cornea
ket/o ketone bodies
keton/o ketone bodies
kinesi/o movement
kyph/o humped-back
lacrim/o tear
lact/o milk
lapar/o abdomen
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
lei/o smooth
-lepsy seizure
leuc/o white
leuk/o white
lex/o word or phrase
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat
lith/o stone
lob/o lobe (a portion)
-logist one who specializes in the study or treatment of
-logy study of
lord/o bent
lumb/o loin (lower back)
lymph/o clear fluid
-lysis breaking down or dissolution
macro- large or long
-malacia softening
mamm/o breast
-mania abnormal impulse (attraction) toward
mast/o breast
meat/o opening
-megaly enlargement
melan/o black
men/o menstruation
mening/o meninges (membrane)
meningi/o meninges (membrane)
meso- middle
meta- beyond, after, or change
-meter instrument for measuring
metr/o uterus
-metry process of measuring
micro- small
mono- one
morph/o form
multi- many
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
myc/o fungus
myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
myos/o muscle
myring/o eardrum
narc/o stupor or sleep
nas/o nose
nat/i birth
necr/o death
neo- new
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
ocul/o eye
-oid resembling
-ole small
olig/o few or deficient
-oma tumor
onc/o tumor or mass
onych/o nail
oophor/o ovary
ophthalm/o eye
-opia condition of vision
opt/o eye
orch/o testis (testicle)
orchi/o testis (testicle)
orchid/o testis (testicle)
or/o mouth
orth/o straight, normal, or correct
-osis condition or increase
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
-ous pertaining to
ovari/o ovary
ov/i egg
ov/o egg
ox/o oxygen
pachy- thick
palat/o palate
pan- all
pancreat/o pancreas
para- alongside of or abnormal
-paresis slight paralysis
patell/o knee cap
path/o disease
pector/o chest
ped/o child or foot
pelv/i hip bone
hip bone -penia
-penia abnormal reduction
per- through or by
peri- around
perine/o perineum
peritone/o peritoneum
-pexy suspension or fixation
phac/o lens (lentil)
phag/o eat or swallow
phak/o lens (lentil)
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
phas/o speech
0 -phil
-phil attraction for
-philia attraction for
phleb/o vein
phob/o exaggerated fear or sensitivity
phon/o voice or sound
phor/o to carry or bear
phot/o light
phren/o diaphragm or mind
plas/o formation
-plasia formation
-plasty surgical repair or reconstruction
-plegia paralysis
pleur/o pleura
-pnea breathing
pneum/o air or lung
pneumon/o air or lung
pod/o foot
-poiesis formation
poly- many
post- after or behind
pre- before
presby/o old age
pro- before
proct/o anus and rectum
prostat/o prostate
psych/o mind
-ptosis falling or downward displacement
pulmon/o lung
purpur/o purple
py/o pus
pyel/o basin
pylor/o pylorus (gatekeeper)
quadri- four
radi/o radius or radiation (especially x-ray)
re- again or back
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
reticul/o a net
retin/o retina
retro- backward or behind
rhabd/o rod shaped or striated (skeletal)
rhin/o nose
-rrhage to burst forth
-rrhagia to burst forth
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge
-rrhexis rupture
salping/o uterine (fallopian) tube or eustachian tube
sarc/o flesh
schiz/o split or division
scler/o hard or sclera
scoli/o twisted
-scope instrument for examination
-scopy process of examination
seb/o sebum (oil)
semi- half
sial/o saliva
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
sinistr/o left or on the left side
sinus/o hollow (cavity)
somat/o body
somn/o sleep
somn/i sleep
son/o sound
-spasm involuntary contraction
sperm/o sperm (seed)
spermat/o sperm (seed)
sphygm/o pulse
spin/o spine (thorn)
spir/o breathing
splen/o spleen
spondyl/o vertebra
squam/o scale
-stasis stop or stand
steat/o fat
sten/o narrow
stere/o three-dimensional or solid
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
steth/o chest
stomat/o mouth
-stomy creation of an opening
sub- below or under
super- above or excessive
supra- above or excessive
sym- together or with
syn- together or with
tachy- fast
tax/o order or coordination
ten/o tendon (to stretch)
tend/o tendon (to stretch)
tendin/o tendon (to stretch)
test/o testis (testicle)
thalam/o thalamus (a room)
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
thym/o thymus gland or mind
thyr/o thyroid gland (shield)
thyroid/o thyroid gland (shield)
-tic pertaining to
toc/o labor
tom/o to cut
-tomy incision
ton/o tone or tension
tonsill/o tonsil
top/o place
0 tox/o
tox/o poison
toxic/o poison
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
trans- across or through
tri- three
trich/o hair
-tripsy crushing
troph/o nourishment or development
tympan/o eardrum
-ula small
-ule small
uln/o ulna
ultra- beyond or excessive
uni- one
ur/o urine
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
urin/o urine
uter/o uterus
uvul/o uvula
vagin/o vagina (sheath)
varic/o swollen or twisted vein
vas/o vessel
vascul/o vessel
ven/o vein
ventricul/o ventricle (belly or pouch)
vertebr/o vertebra
vesic/o bladder or sac
vesicul/o bladder or sac
vitre/o glassy
vulv/o vulva (covering)
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
-y condition or process of
abnormal para-
abnormal reduction -penia
above hyper-, super-, supra-
across dia-, trans-
adrenal gland adrenal/o
after post-, meta-
again re-
against anti-, contra-
air aer/o, pneum/o, pneumon/o
air sac alveol/o
airway bronch/o, bronchi/o
all pan-
alongside of para-
alveolus alveol/o
anus an/o
anus and rectum proct/o
aorta aort/o
apart dis-
appendix appendic/o
arm brachi/o
around circum-, peri-
artery arteri/o
atrium atri/o
attraction for -phil, -philia
away e-, ec-, ex-
away from ab-
back re-
backward retro-
bacteria bacteri/o
basin pyel/o
before ante-, pre-, pro-
beginning -arche
behind post-, retro-
below hypo-, infra-, sub-
bent lord/o
between inter-
beyond meta-, ultra-
bile bil/i, chol/e
bile duct choledoch/o
binding -desis
birth nat/i, toc/o
black melan/o
bladder cyst/o, vesic/o, vesicul/o
blood hem/o, hemat/o
blood condition -emia
blue cyan/o
body somat/o
bone oste/o
bone marrow myel/o
both ambi-, bi-
brain cerebr/o (largest part of brain), encephal/o (entire brain)
breaking down -lysis
breast mamm/o, mast/o
breathing -pnea, spir/o
bronchus bronch/o, bronchi/o
bud -blast, blast/o
burst forth -rrhage, -rrhagia
calculus lith/o
cancer carcin/o
carbon dioxide capn/o, carb/o
carry phor/o
cartilage chondr/o
cavity (sinus) atri/o, sin/o
cell cyt/o
cerebellum cerebell/o
cervix cervic/o
change meta-
cheek bucc/o
chest pector/o, steth/o, thorac/o
0 child
child ped/o
circle coron/o
clear fluid lymph/o
clot thromb/o
colon col/o, colon/o
colon, sigmoid sigmoid/o
color chrom/o, chromat/o
colored circle irid/o, ir/o
condition -osis
condition of -ia, -ism, -ium, -y
contraction, involuntary -spasm
coordination tax/o
cornea corne/o, kerat/o
correct ortho-
creation of an opening -stomy
crooked ankyl/o
crown coron/o
crushing -tripsy
cut (to cut) tom/o
death necr/o
deficient hypo-, olig/o
development troph/o
diaphragm phren/o
different hetero-
difficult dys-
digit (finger or toe) dactyl/o
dilation or expansion -ectasis
discharge -rrhea
disease path/o
dissolution -lysis
division schiz/o
down de-
downward placement -ptosis
dry xer/o
duct doch/o
duodenum duoden/o
ear aur/i, ot/o
eardrum myring/o, tympan/o
eat or swallow phag/o
egg ov/i, ov/o
enlargement -megaly
enzyme -ase
epididymis epididym/o
equal iso-
esophagus esophag/o
eustachian tube salping/o
examination -scopy
excessive hyper-, super-, supra-, ultra-
excision (removal) -ectomy
expansion or dilation -ectasis
extremity acr/o
eye ocul/o, ophthalm/o, opt/o
eyelid blephar/o
falling -ptosis
fallopian tube salping/o
fascia fasci/o
fast tachy-
fat adip/o, ather/o, lip/o, steat/o
faulty dys-
fear, exaggerated phob/o
femur femor/o
few olig/o
fiber fibr/o
fixation -pexy
flesh sarc/o
foot pod/o, ped/o
form morph/o
formation -plasia, plas/o, -poiesis
formation of -lasis
four quadri-
from de-
fungus myc/o
ganglion gangli/o
gas aer/o
germ or bud -blast, blast/o
gland aden/o
glans penis balan/o
glassy vitre/o
glomerulus glomerul/o
glue gli/o
good eu-
groin inguin/o
gums gingiv/o
hair trich/o
half hemi-, semi-
hard kerat/o, scler/o
head cephal/o
hearing acous/o, audi/o
hearing condition -acusis
heart cardi/o
heat therm/o
hernia -cele, herni/o
hip bone pelv/i
hormone hormon/o
humped-back kyph/o
ileum ile/o
incision -tomy
increase -osis
inflammation -itis
instrument for examination -scope
instrument for measuring -meter
instrument for recording -graph
jejunum (empty) jejun/o
joint arthr/o, articul/o
juice chyl/o
ketone bodies ket/o, keton/o
kidney nephr/o, ren/o
nephr/o, ren/o kneecap
kneecap patell/o
knowing gnos/o
labor toc/o
large macro-
larynx laryng/o
left or on the left side sinistr/o
lens phac/o, phak/o
light phot/o
like iso-
lip cheil/o
liver hepat/o, hepatic/o
lobe lob/o
loin (lower back) lumb/o
long macro-
macro- lung
lung pneum/o, pneumon/o, pulmon/o
male andr/o
many multi-, poly-
measuring, instrument for -meter
measuring, process of -metry
meninges mening/o, meningi/o
menstruation men/o
milk lact/o
mind psych/o, phren/o, thym/o
mouth or/o, stomat/o
movement kinesi/o
muscle muscul/o, my/o, myos/o
nail onych/o
narrow sten/o
near ad-
neck cervic/o
nerve neur/o
net reticul/o
new neo-
normal eu-, ortho-
nose nas/o, rhin/o
not de-
nourishment troph/o
oil seb/o
old age presby-
one mono-
one who specializes in -ist
one who specializes in the study or treatment of -logist
opening glott/o, meat/o
opposed to anti-, contra-
order tax/o
origin gen/o, -gen, -genesis
out e-, ec-, ex-
outside ecto-, exo-, extra-
ovary oophor/o, ovari/o
oxygen ox/o
pain -algia, -dynia
painful dys-
palate palat/o
pancreas pancreat/o
paralysis -plegia
paralysis, slight -paresis
perineum perine/o
peritoneum peritone/o
pertaining to -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ous, -tic
pharynx pharyng/o
place top/o
pleura pleur/o
poison tox/o, toxic/o
portion lob/o
pouching -cele
presence of -iasis
process -ation
process of -y
production gen/o, -gen, -genesis
prostate prostat/o
protein albumin/o
pulse sphygm/o
puncture for aspiration -centesis
purple purpur/o
pus py/o
pylorus pylor/o
radius radi/o
record -gram
recording, process of -graphy
rectum proct/o, rect/o
red erythr/o
resembling -oid
reticulum reticul/o
retina retin/o
rib cost/o
right or on the right side dextr/o
rod shaped rhabd/o
rupture -rrhexis
sac cyst/o, vesic/o, vesicul/o
safe immun/o
saliva sial/o
same homo-
scale squam/o
sclera scler/o
sebum seb/o
secrete crin/o
seizure -lepsy
self auto-
sensation esthesi/o
sensitivity, exaggerated phob/o
separate from dis-
sigmoid colon sigmoid/o
sinus sinus/o
skeletal rhabd/o
skin cutane/o, derm/o, dermat/o
skull crani/o
sleep hypn/o, somn/i, somn/o
slow brady-
small -icle, micro-, -ole, -ula, -ule
small intestine enter/o
smooth lei/o
softening -malacia
sound phon/o, son/o
sheath vagin/o
specializes, one who -ist
speech phas/o
sperm sperm/o, spermat/o
spinal cord myel/o
spine spin/o
spleen splen/o
split schiz/o
sternum stern/o
stiff ankyl/o
stomach gastr/o
stone lith/o
stop or stand -stasis
straight orth/o
striated rhabd/o
structure -ium
study of -logy
study of, one who specializes in the -logist
stupor narc/o
sugar gluc/o, glyc/o, glycos/o
surgical repair or reconstruction -plasty
suspension -pexy
suture -rrhaphy
swallow phag/o
sweat hidr/o
sweat, profuse diaphor/o
tear dacry/o, lacrim/o
teeth dent/i
tendon ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o
tension ton/o
testis (testicle) orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o, test/o
thalamus thalam/o
thick pachy-
thirst dips/o
three tri-
three-dimensional or solid stere/o
throat pharyng/o
through dia-, per-, trans-
thymus gland thym/o
thyroid gland thyr/o, thyroid/o
tissue hist/o, -ium
to or toward ad-
together con-, sym-, syn-
tone ton/o
tongue gloss/o, lingu/o
tonsil tonsill/o
topmost acr/o
trachea trache/o
treatment -iactrics, -iatry, -iatr/o
treatment of, one who specializes in the -logist
tumor -oma, onc/o
twisted scoli/o
two bi-
ulna uln/o
under infra-, sub-
upon epi-
ureter ureter/o
urethra urethr/o
urine ur/o, urin/o
uterine tube salping/o
uterus hyster/o, metr/o, uter/o
vagina colp/o, vagin/o
vein phleb/o, ven/o
vein, swollen or twisted varic/o
ventricle ventricul/o
vertebra vertebr/o, spondyl/o
vessel angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
vision, condition of -opia
voice phon/o
voice box laryng/o
vomiting -emesis
vulva vulv/o, episi/o
water aque/o, hydr/o
wax cerumin/o
weakness -asthenia
white leuc/o, leuk/o
windpipe trache/o
with con-, sym-, syn-
within en-, endo-, intra-
without a-, an-
woman gynec/o
gynec/o word, phrase
word, phrase lex/o
yellow xanth/o
Created by: MT student1