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116

Female Reproductive System - Q – Obstetric Diagnostic Terms & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
abortion (AB) expulsion of the products of conception before the fetus is viable (able to live outside the uterus)
spontaneous abortion (SAB) miscarriage; naturally occurring expulsion of the products of conception
habitual abortion spontaneous abortion occurring in three or more consecutive pregnancies
incomplete abortion incomplete expulsion of the products of conception
missed abortion death of a fetus or embryo within the uterus that is not naturally expelled after death
threatened abortion bleeding with the threat of miscarriage
cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) condition preventing normal delivery through the birth canal; either the baby's head is too large or the birth canal is too small
eclampsia true toxemia of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, albuminuria, edema of the legs and feet, severe headaches, dizziness, convulsions, and coma
preeclampsia toxemia of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, albuminuria, edema of the legs and feet, and puffiness of the face, without convulsion or coma
ectopic pregnancy implantation of the fertilized egg outside the uterine cavity, often in the tube or ovary, or, rarely, in the abdominal cavity
erythroblastosis fetalis disorder that results from the incompatibility of a fetus with an Rh-positive blood factor and a mother with an Rh-negative blood factor, causing red blood cell destruction in the fetus; this condition necessitates a blood transfusion to save the fetus
Rh factor presence, or lack, of antigens on the surface of red blood cells that may cause a reaction between the blood of the mother and the fetus, resulting in fetal anemia, which causes erythroblastosis fetalis
Rh positiver-āch poz′i-tiv presence of antigens
Rh negative absence of antigens
hyperemesis gravidarum severe nausea and vomiting in pregnancy that can cause severe dehydration in the mother and fetus (emesis = vomit)
meconium aspiration fetal aspiration of amniotic fluid containing meconium
placenta previa displaced attachment of the placenta in the lower region of the uterine cavity
abruptio placentae premature detachment of a normally situated placenta
Created by: MT student1