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Female Reproductive System - Q – Gynecologic Diagnostic Tests & Procedures & A –

biopsy (Bx) removal of tissue for microscopic pathologic examination
aspiration biopsy needle draw of tissue or fluid from a cavity for cytologic examination
endoscopic biopsy removal of a specimen for biopsy during an endoscopic procedure (e.g., colposcopy)
excisional biopsy removal of an entire lesion for microscopic examination
incisional biopsy removal of a piece of suspicious tissue for microscopic examination (e.g., cervical or endometrial biopsy)
stereotactic breast biopsy use of x-ray imaging, a specialized stereotactic frame, and a computer to calculate, precisely locate, and direct a needle into a breast lesion to remove a core specimen for biopsy
sentinel node breast biopsy biopsy of the sentinel node (the first lymph node to receive lymphatic drainage from a tumor) in a breast with early cancer to determine metastases and, if no malignancy is found, to avoid the extensive removal of axillary nodes, which causes lymphedema (
colposcopy examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope, a specialized microscope which often has a camera attachment for photographs; used to document findings and for follow-up treatments
hysteroscopy use of a hysteroscope to examine the intrauterine cavity for assessment of abnormalities (e.g., polyps, fibroids, or anomalies)
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) use of nonionizing images to detect gynecologic conditions (e.g., anomalies of the pelvis or soft tissues of the breast) or to stage tumors arising from the endometrium or cervix
Papanicolaou (Pap) smear study of cells collected from the cervix to screen for cancer and other abnormalities
radiography x-ray imaging
hysterosalpingogram x-ray of the fallopian tubes after injection of a contrast medium through the cervix; used to determine tubal patency (openness)
mammogram low-dose x-ray imaging of breast tissue to detect neoplasms
pelvic sonography ultrasound imaging of the female pelvis
endovaginal sonogram ultrasound image of the uterus, tubes, and ovaries made with the ultrasonic transducer within the vagina to detect conditions such as ectopic pregnancy or missed abortion
sonohysterogram transvaginal sonographic image made as sterile saline is injected into the uterus; used to assess uterine pathology or to determine tubal patency
transabdominal ultrasound image of the lower abdomen, including the bladder, uterus, tubes, and ovaries, to detect conditions such as cysts and tumors
Created by: MT student1