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108

Female Reproductive System - Q – Gynecologic Diagnostic Terms: General & A – Mea

QuestionAnswer
cervicitis inflammation of the cervix
congenital anomalies birth defects that cause abnormal development of an organ or a structure (e.g., double uterus or absent vagina)
dermoid cyst congenital tumor composed of displaced embryonic tissue (teeth, bone, cartilage, and hair); typically found in an ovary and usually benign
displacement of uterus displacement of the uterus from its normal position
anteflexion abnormal forward bending of the uterus (ante = before; flexus = bend)
retroflexion abnormal backward bending of the uterus
retroversion backward turn of the whole uterus; also called tipped uterus
endometriosis condition characterized by migration of portions of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity
endometritis inflammation of the endometrium
fibroid (Fig. 15-6) benign tumor in the uterus composed of smooth muscle and fibrous connective tissue
fistula abnormal passage, such as from one hollow organ to another (fistula = pipe)
rectovaginal fistula abnormal opening between the vagina and rectum
vesicovaginal fistula abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina
cervical neoplasia abnormal development of cervical tissue cells
cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) potentially cancerous abnormality of epithelial tissue of the cervix, graded according to the extent of abnormal cell formation:
carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the cervix malignant cell changes of the cervix that are localized, without any spread to adjacent structures
menopause cessation of menstrual periods caused by lack of ovarian hormones
oophoritis inflammation of one or both ovaries
parovarian cyst cyst of the uterine tube (fallopian tube)
pelvic adhesions scarring of tissue within the pelvic cavity resulting from endometriosis, infection, or injury
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) inflammation of organs in the pelvic cavity; usually includes the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and endometrium; most often caused by bacteria
pelvic floor relaxation relaxation of supportive ligaments of the pelvic organs
cystocele pouching of the bladder into the vagina
rectocele pouching of the rectum into the vagina
enterocele pouching sac of peritoneum between the vagina and the rectum
urethrocele pouching of the urethra into the vagina
prolapse descent of the uterus down the vaginal canal
salpingitis inflammation of a fallopian tube
vaginitis inflammation of the vagina with redness, swelling, and irritation; often caused by a specific organism, such as Candida (yeast) or Trichomonas (a sexually transmitted parasite)
atrophic vaginitis thinning of the vagina and loss of moisture because of depletion of estrogen, which causes inflammation of tissue
vaginosis infection of the vagina, with little or no inflammation, characterized by a milk-like discharge and an unpleasant odor; also known as nonspecific vaginitis
Created by: MT student1