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Bone Markings

Anatomy Bone Markings

Process A general term for a projection from the surface of a bone Spinous process of vertebra
Spine A short sharp projection Ischial spine
Tuberosity Large round projection Ischial tuberosity
Tubercle Small round projection Greater tubercle of humerus
Condyle Small projection that articulates with another bone Condyle of mandible
Epicondyle Elevated area on a condyle Medial epicondyle of humerus
Crest Ridge of bone Iliac crest
Trochanter Very large process (only found on the femur) Greater and lesser trochanters of femur
Line Ridge of bone that is smaller than a crest Gluteal line of ilium
Head Projection from end of a bone Head of femur
Neck Constricted area below the head Neck of rib
Facet Smooth, flat surface Articular facets of vertebrae
Ramus Armlike extension of bone Ramus of mandible
Sinus Bone cavity filled with air Maxillary sinus
Meatus Canal External auditory meatus in temporal bone
Foramen Shallow hole Foramen magnum of occipital bone
Fossa Shallow depression in a bone Iliac fossa
Notch Deep indentation in a bone Greater sciatic notch of ilium
Skull Has 28 bones Bones of the cranium (8) Bones of the face (14) Auditory ossicles (6) malleus, incus, and stapes
Vertebral column (33 bones) Cervical vertebrae (7) Thoracic vertebrae (12) Lumbar vertebrae (5) Sacral vertebrae (5) Coccygeal vertebrae (4)
Ribs 12 pairs first 7 are true (bc they attach to the sternum by its cartilage 8-12 are false 8-10 attach to the sternum through 7 11 & 12 are floating
Sternum three fused bones At the top is the manubrium Then the largest part (in the middle) gladiolus. The very tip is called the xiphoid process.
Created by: cjinneth