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097

Urinary System - Q – Therapeutic Terms & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) procedure using ultrasound outside the body to bombard and disintegrate a stone within; most commonly used to treat urinary stones above the bladder
kidney dialysis methods of filtering impurities from the blood, replacing the function of one or both kidneys lost in renal failure
hemodialysis method of removing impurities by pumping the patient's blood through a dialyzer, the specialized filter of the artificial kidney machine (hemodialyzer)
peritoneal dialysis method of removing impurities using the peritoneum as the filter; a catheter inserted in the peritoneal cavity delivers cleansing fluid (dialysate) that is washed in and out in cycles
urinary catheterization methods of placing a tube into the bladder to drain or collect urine
straight catheter a type of catheter that is inserted through the urethra into the bladder to relieve urinary retention or to collect a sterile specimen of urine for testing; the catheter is removed immediately after the procedure
Foley catheter indwelling catheter inserted through the urethra and into the bladder that includes a collection system allowing urine to be drained into a bag; the catheter can remain in place for an extended period
suprapubic catheter indwelling catheter inserted directly in the bladder through an abdominal incision above the pubic bone that includes a collection system that allows urine to be drained into a bag; used in patients requiring long-term catheterization
analgesic drug that relieves pain
antibiotic drug that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms
antispasmodic drug that relieves spasm
diuretic drug that increases the secretion of urine
Created by: MT student1