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Urinary System - Q – Diagnostic Terms & A – Meaning

adult polycystic kidney disease (APKD) inherited condition of multiple cysts that gradually form in the kidney, causing destruction of normal tissue that leads to renal failure; diagnosed in adults presenting with hypertension, kidney enlargement, and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs)
glomerulonephritis form of nephritis involving the glomerulus
hydronephrosis pooling of urine in dilated areas of the renal pelvis and calices of one or both kidneys caused by an obstructed outflow of urine
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis
nephrosis degenerative disease of the renal tubules
nephrolithiasis presence of a renal stone or stones
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
urethrocystitis inflammation of the urethra and bladder
urethral stenosis narrowed condition of the urethra
urinary tract infection (UTI) invasion of pathogenic organisms (commonly bacteria) in the urinary tract, especially the urethra and bladder; symptoms include dysuria, urinary frequency, and malaise
uremia excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood caused by kidney failure
Created by: MT student1