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Urinary System - Q – Anatomic Terms & A – Meaning

kidneys two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that filter blood and secrete impurities, forming urine
cortex outer part of the kidney (cortex = bark)
hilum indented opening in the kidney where vessels enter and leave
medulla inner part of the kidney
calices or calyces ducts that carry urine from the nephrons to the renal pelvis (kalyx = cup of a flower)
nephron microscopic functional units of the kidney, comprised of kidney cells and capillaries, each of which is capable of forming urine
glomerulus small, ball-shaped cluster of capillaries located at the top of each nephron
Bowman capsule top part of the nephron that encloses the glomerulus
renal tubule stem portion of the nephron
ureter tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder
renal pelvis basin-like portion of the ureter within the kidney
ureteropelvic junction point of connection between the renal pelvis and the ureter
urinary bladder sac that holds the urine
urethra single canal that carries urine to the outside of the body
urethral meatus opening in the urethra to the outside of the body
urine fluid produced by the kidneys, containing water and waste products
urea waste product formed in the liver, filtered out of the blood by the kidneys, and excreted in urine
creatinine waste product of muscle metabolism, filtered out of the blood by the kidneys, and excreted in urine
Created by: MT student1