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089

Gastrointestinal System -Q – Operative Terms & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
abdominocentesis puncture of the abdomen for aspiration of fluid
abdominal paracentesis puncture of the abdomen for aspiration of fluid in the peritoneal cavity (e.g., fluid accumulated in ascites)
anal fistulectomy excision of an anal fistula
anastomosis union of two hollow vessels; a technique used in bowel surgery
appendectomy excision of a diseased appendix
bariatric surgery treatment of morbid obesity by surgery to the stomach and/or intestines; procedures include restrictive techniques that limit the size of the stomach and malabsorptive techniques that limit the absorption of food (baros = weight; iatric = pertains to trea
cheiloplasty repair of the lip
cholecystectomy excision of the gallbladder; common treatment for symptomatic gallbladder disease (e.g., cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, and cholangitis)
laparoscopic cholecystectomy excision of the gallbladder through a laparoscope
colostomy creation of an opening in the colon through the abdominal wall to create an abdominal anus, allowing stool to bypass a diseased portion of the colon; performed to treat ulcerative colitis, cancer, or obstructions
esophagoplasty repair of the esophagus
gastrectomy partial or complete removal of the stomach
gastric resection partial removal and repair of the stomach
gastroenterostomy formation of an artificial opening between the stomach and small intestine; often performed at the time of gastrectomy to route food from the remainder of the stomach to the intestine; also performed to repair a perforated duodenal ulcer
glossectomy excision of all or part of the tongue
glossorrhaphy suture of the tongue
hemorrhoidectomy excision of hemorrhoids
hepatic lobectomy excision of a lobe of the liver
herniorrhaphy repair of a hernia
ileostomy surgical creation of an opening on the abdomen to which the end of the ileum is attached, providing a passageway for ileal discharges; performed after removal of the colon, such as to treat chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (e.g., ulcerative colitis)
laparoscopic surgery abdominal surgery using a laparoscope
laparotomy incision into the abdomen
pancreatectomy excision of the pancreas
polypectomy excision of polyps
proctoplasty repair of the anus and rectum
Created by: MT student1