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088

Gastrointestinal System - Q – Diagnostic Tests & Procedure & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
biopsy (Bx) removal and microscopic study of tissue for pathological examination
incisional biopsy removal of a portion of a lesion
excisional biopsy removal of an entire lesion
needle biopsy percutaneous removal of tissue or fluid using a special, hollow needle (e.g., for liver biopsy)
endoscopy examination within a body cavity with a flexible endoscope for diagnosis or treatment; used in the gastrointestinal tract to detect abnormalities and to perform procedures such as biopsy, excision of lesions, and therapeutic interventions
colonoscopy examination of the colon using a flexible colonoscope
proctoscopy examination of the rectum and anus with a proctoscope
sigmoidoscopy examination of the sigmoid colon with a rigid or flexible sigmoidoscope
esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) examination of the lining of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum with a flexible endoscope for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes, such as biopsy, excision of lesions, removal of swallowed objects, dilation of obstructions, stent placement, measures
capsule endoscopy examination of the small intestine made by a tiny video camera placed in a capsule and then swallowed; images are transmitted to a waist-belt recorder and then downloaded onto a computer for assessment of possible abnormalities; traditional endoscopy cann
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) endoscopic procedure including x-ray fluoroscopy to examine the ducts of the liver, gallbladder, biliary ducts, and pancreas; includes use of instruments to obtain tissue samples, extract biliary stones, relieve obstructions, etc.
laparoscopy examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope for diagnostic purposes and/or to perform surgery
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) nonionizing imaging technique for visualizing the abdominal cavity to identify disease or deformity in the gastrointestinal tract
upper gastrointestinal (GI) series x-ray of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum after the patient has swallowed a contrast medium; barium is the most commonly used medium
barium swallow x-ray of the esophagus only; often used to locate swallowed objects
fluoroscopy x-ray imaging with a fluorescent screen to visualize structures in motion (e.g., during a barium swallow)
small bowel series x-ray examination of the small intestine; generally done in conjunction with an upper GI series
lower gastrointestinal (GI) series x-ray imaging of the colon after administration of an enema containing a contrast medium
cholangiogram x-ray image of the bile ducts; often performed during surgery
cholecystogram x-ray image of the gallbladder obtained after oral ingestion of iodine
computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen cross-sectional x-ray imaging of the abdomen used to identify a condition or anomaly within the gastrointestinal tract
sonography ultrasound imaging
abdominal sonogram ultrasound image of the abdomen to detect disease or deformity in organs and vascular structures (e.g., liver, pancreas, gallbladder, spleen, and aorta)
endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) images produced using a sonographic transducer within an endoscope to evaluate abnormalities of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts and adjacent structures (e.g., biliary ducts, gallbladder, and pancreas); also used to guide needle biopsy of tissu
stool culture and sensitivity (C&S) isolation of a stool specimen in a culture medium to identify disease-causing organisms; if organisms are present, the drugs to which they are sensitive are listed
stool occult blood study chemical test of a stool specimen to detect the presence of blood; positive findings indicate bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract
Created by: MT student1