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Gastrointestinal System - Q – Symptomatic terms & A – Meaning

anorexia loss of appetite (orexia = appetite)
aphagia inability to swallow
ascites accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity (ascos = bag)
buccal in the cheek
diarrhea frequent loose or liquid stools
constipation infrequent or incomplete bowel movements characterized by hardened, dry stool that is difficult to pass (constipo = to press together)
dyspepsia indigestion (pepsis = digestion)
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
eructation belch
flatulence gas in the stomach or intestines (flatus = a blowing)
halitosis bad breath (halitus = breath)
hematemesis vomiting blood
hematochezia red blood in stool (chezo = defecate)
hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
hyperbilirubinemia excessive level of bilirubin (bile pigment) in the blood
icterus yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera (white of the eye), and other tissues caused by excessive bilirubin in the blood (jaundice = yellow)
melena dark-colored, tarry stool caused by old blood
nausea feeling sick in the stomach
steatorrhea feces containing fat
sublingual under the tongue
Created by: MT student1