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Endocrine System - Q – Diagnostic Tests & Procedure & A – Meaning

blood sugar (BS) measurement of the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood
fasting blood sugar (FBS) measurement of blood sugar level after fasting (not eating) for 12 hours
postprandial blood sugar (PPBS) measurement of blood sugar level after a meal (commonly 2 hours later)
glucose tolerance test (GTT) measurement of the body's ability to metabolize carbohydrates by administering a prescribed amount of glucose after a fasting period, then measuring blood and urine for glucose levels every hour thereafter for 4 to 6 hours
glycohemoglobin a molecule (fraction) in hemoglobin, the level of which rises in the blood as a result of an increased level of blood sugar; a common blood test used in diagnosing and treating diabetes
electrolyte panel measurement of the level of specific ions (sodium, potassium, and chloride) along with carbon dioxide (CO2) (for indirect measure of bicarbonate ion) in the blood; electrolytes are essential for maintaining water balance (hydration) as well as nerve, musc
thyroid function study measurement of thyroid hormone levels in blood plasma to determine the efficiency of glandular secretions, including T3, T4, and TSH
urine sugar and ketone studies chemical tests to determine the presence of sugar or ketone bodies in urine; used as a screen for diabetes (Note: production of a urine specimen for these tests requires one to urinate or void [empty the bladder])
computed tomography (CT) CT of the head is used to obtain a transverse (horizontal) view of the pituitary gland
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) nonionizing images of magnetic resonance are useful in identifying abnormalities of the pituitary gland, pancreas, adrenal glands, and thyroid glands
sonography sonographic images are used to identify endocrine pathology, such as with thyroid ultrasound
thyroid uptake and image radionuclide (nuclear medicine) scan of the thyroid to visualize the radioactive accumulation of previously injected isotopes to detect thyroid nodules or tumors
Created by: MT student1