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052

Respiratory System - Q – Therapeutic terms & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) method of artificial respiration and chest compressions to move oxygenated blood to vital body organs when breathing and the heart have stopped
continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy use of a device with a mask that pumps a constant pressurized flow of air through the nasal passages; commonly used during sleep to prevent airway closure in sleep apnea
endotracheal intubation passage of a tube into the trachea via the nose or mouth to open the airway for delivering gas mixtures to the lungs (e.g., oxygen, anesthetics, or air)
incentive spirometry a common postoperative breathing therapy using a specially designed spirometer to encourage the patient to inhale and hold an inspiratory volume to exercise the lungs and prevent pulmonary complications
mechanical ventilation mechanical breathing using a ventilator
antibiotic a drug that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms
anticoagulant a drug that dissolves, or prevents the formation of, thrombi or emboli in the blood vessels (e.g., heparin)
antihistamine a drug that neutralizes or inhibits the effects of histamine
histamine a compound in the body that is released by injured cells during allergic reactions, inflammation, and so on, causing constriction of bronchial smooth muscle and dilation of blood vessels
bronchodilator a drug that dilates the muscular walls of the bronchi
expectorant a drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing
Created by: MT student1